Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 2nd July 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from The Hindu, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Tectonic shift

Challenging Words from the Article

1. Word: Endorsement (तसदीक़)

  • Pronunciation: en-dawrs-muh nt/एन्डॉर्स्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the act of declaring one’s public approval or support of someone or something.
  • Synonyms: sanction, approval, affirmation
  • Antonyms: dissent, disapproval
  • Use in a Sentence: These measures have the strong endorsement of the community.

2. Word: Gubernatorial (गवर्नर संबंधी)

  • Pronunciation: goo-ber-nuh-tawr-ee-uh l/गूबर्नटोरीअल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: of or relating to a state governor or the office of state governor.
  • Synonyms: governmental, regulatory, official
  • Antonyms: non-governmental
  • Use in a Sentence: He served as finance chairman of his successful gubernatorial races.

3. Word: Embodiment (अभिव्यक्ति)

  • Pronunciation: em-bod-ee-muh nt/एम्बाडीमन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 

         a. a tangible or visible form of an idea, quality, or feeling.

b. the representation or expression of something in a tangible or visible form.

  • Synonyms: epitome, incarnation
  • Antonyms: isolation, exclusion
  • Use in a Sentence: The new highway is the embodiment of the very latest designing ideas.

4. Word: Unconscionable (अविवेकपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-kon-shuh-nuh-buh l/अन्कान्शनबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: not right or reasonable, unreasonably excessive.
  • Synonyms: outrageous, extravagant
  • Antonyms: ethical, decent
  • Use in a Sentence: The war caused an unconscionable amount of suffering.

5. Word: Unfettered (मुक्त)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-fet-er-d/अन्फेटर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: not confined or restricted.
  • Synonyms: unbound, liberated, released
  • Antonyms: bound, strict, legal
  • Use in a Sentence: The media has evolved in a more unfettered direction.

6. Word: Ethos (प्रकृति)

  • Pronunciation: ee-thos/ईथास
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community as manifested in its attitudes and aspirations.
  • Synonyms: spirit, character, atmosphere
  • Antonyms: crudeness, contempt
  • Use in a Sentence: The whole ethos of the hotel is effortless service.

7. Word: Reverberate (प्रतिबिम्बित करना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-vur-buh-reyt/रिवर्बरेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. (of a loud noise) be repeated several times as an echo.
b. have continuing and serious effects.

  • Synonyms: repeat, resonate, vibrate
  • Antonyms: yield, quieten
  • Use in a Sentence: The waves reverberate as far away as the end of the building.

8. Word: Savage (अशिष्ट)

  • Pronunciation: sav-ij/सैविज
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 

        a. fierce, violent, and uncontrolled. [Adjective]

b. (especially of a dog or wild animal) attack ferociously and maul. [Verb]

c. a brutal or vicious person. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: wild, barbarous, ferocious
  • Antonyms: kind, civilized, charitable
  • Use in a Sentence: The article was a savage attack on the government’s record.

9. Word: Mere (एकमात्र)

  • Pronunciation: meer/मीर
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: used to emphasize how small or insignificant someone or something is.
  • Synonyms: sheer, scant, utter
  • Antonyms: powerful, blighted
  • Use in a Sentence: It was certainly more to than this mere opportunism.

10. Word: Vigorously (जोशपूर्ण ढंग से)

  • Pronunciation: vig-er-uh s-ly/विगरस्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: in a way that involves physical strength, effort, or energy; strenuously, forcefully
  • Synonyms: energetically, aggressively, heartily
  • Antonyms: slowly, sluggishly
  • Use in a Sentence: She shook the blankets vigorously to get rid of the dust.

11. Word: Innumerable (अनगिनत)

  • Pronunciation: ih-noo-mer-uh-buh l/इनूमरबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: too many to be counted.
  • Synonyms: countless, numerous, incalculable, numberless
  • Antonyms: few, finite, limited
  • Use in a Sentence: There are innumerable stars in the sky.

12. Word: Eschew (त्याग करना)

  • Pronunciation: es-choo/एस्चू
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
  • Synonyms: avoid, abandon, abstain
  • Antonyms: embrace, pursue
  • Use in a Sentence: A civilized officer must eschew violence.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise

S No. Answer the antonym of the word Answer the synonym of the word
1 Eschew Vigorously
2 Innumerable Savage
3 Unconscionable Reverberate
4 Unfettered Endorsement

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Mere
  • Gubernatorial
  • Embodiment
  • Endorsement

GK Questions

Q1. What is the capital of USA?

Q2. Who is the president of USA?

Q3. Where is the headquarter of World Bank?

Q4. ______ is the headquarter of IMF.

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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