Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 30th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from The Hindu, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Trumping Trump

 

Challenging Words from the Article

1. Word of the day: Retaliatory (प्रतिशोध का)

  • Pronunciation: ri-tal-ee-eyt-ory/रीटैल्यटॉरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of an action) characterized by a desire for revenge.
  • Synonyms: vengeful, avenging, retributive
  • Antonyms: forgiving, benevolent
  • Use in a Sentence: He urged people not to resort to retaliatory violence.

2. Word: Belligerent (लड़ाकू)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Pronunciation: buh-lij-er-uh nt/बलिजरन्ट
  • Meaning: hostile and aggressive.
  • Synonyms: combative, quarrelsome
  • Antonyms: friendly, pacifist
  • Use in a Sentence: They gave my new acquaintance a somewhat belligerent aspect.

3. Word: Inchoate (प्रारंभिक)

  • Pronunciation: in-koh-it/इन्कोइट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: just begun and so not fully formed or developed; rudimentary.
  • Synonyms: undeveloped, nascent, initial
  • Antonyms: developed, experienced
  • Use in a Sentence: Problems in criminal law often start with an inchoate crime – conspiracy, attempt or incitement.

4. Word: Turbulent (उपद्रवी)

  • Pronunciation: tur-byuh-luh nt/टर्ब्यलन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm.

b. (of air or water) moving unsteadily or violently.

  • Synonyms: disorderly, violent, stormy
  • Antonyms: peaceful, tranquil
  • Use in a Sentence: After a turbulent week on the markets, share prices firmed yesterday.

5. Word: Recalibrate (दुबारा जांचना)

  • Pronunciation: re-kaluh-breyt/री-कैलब्रैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: calibrate (something) again or differently.
  • Synonyms: redress, rectify
  • Antonyms: disorganize, neglect
  • Use in a Sentence: We didn’t even upgrade the equipment or recalibrate the controls.

6. Word: Cognizant (संज्ञाता)

  • Pronunciation: kog-nuh-zuh nt/काग्निज़न्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: having knowledge or awareness.
  • Synonyms:  aware, conscious, sensible
  • Antonyms: unconscious, oblivious
  • Use in a Sentence: Always be cognizant of what people are doing around you

7. Word: Blatant (प्रबल)

  • Pronunciation: bleyt-nt/ब्लैटन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. (of bad behaviour) done openly and unashamedly.

b. completely lacking in subtlety; very obvious.

  • Synonyms: glaring, obvious, overt
  • Antonyms: subtle, quiet, shameful
  • Use in a Sentence: The whole episode was a blatant attempt to gain publicity.

8. Word: Unscathed (सकुशल)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-skeyth d/अन्स्कैद्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: without suffering any injury, damage, or harm.
  • Synonyms: unharmed, unscarred
  • Antonyms: unsafe, hurt
  • Use in a Sentence: They both escaped unscathed from the accident.

9. Word: Escalate (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: es-kuh-leyt/एस्कलैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: increase rapidly, make or become more intense or serious.
  • Synonyms: intensify, heighten
  • Antonyms: diminish, abbreviate
  • Use in a Sentence: The conflict could escalate rapidly into a full-scale war.

10. Word: Ratchet up (बढ़ावा)

  • Pronunciationrach-it -up/रैचट अप
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb with Ratchet
  • Meaning: to increase something over a period of time
  • Synonyms: surge, boost
  • Antonyms: decline, drop
  • Use in a Sentence:  The debate should ratchet up awareness of the problem among members of the general public.

11. Word: Cock a snook (अनादर)

  • Part of Speech: Idiom
  • Meaning: to do something intentionally to show you have no respect for someone or something
  • Synonyms: openly show contempt, show disrespect
  • Antonyms: respect, admire, appreciate
  • Use in a Sentence: He has always tried to cock a snook at authority.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise

Give one synonym and antonym of the word other than mentioned above.

S.No Words
1  Escalate
2  Unscathed
3  Blatant
4  Cognizant
5  Retaliatory
6  Inchoate

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Cock a snook
  • Ratchet up
  • Recalibrate
  • Belligerent
  • Turbulent

GK Questions

1. What is the currency of Turkey and China?

2. What is the capital of South Korea?

3. Who is the leader of WTO?

4. Who launches “Make in India” programme?

5. Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership is a proposed free trade agreement between the ___ member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the six states with which ASEAN has existing free trade agreements.

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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