Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 29th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from The Hindu BusinessLine, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Ill-Advised

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Infuse (भर देना)

  • Pronunciation: in-fyooz/इन्फ्यूज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: fill; pervade
  • Synonyms: permeate, suffuse
  • Antonyms: remove, take away
  • Use in a Sentence: He infused enthusiasm into his students.

2. Word: Superficially (सतही तौर पर)

  • Pronunciation: soo-per-fish-uh l-y/सूपर्फिशली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: 

         a. as to the outward appearance only; on the surface.

b. not thoroughly or deeply.

  • Synonyms: externally, outwardly
  • Antonyms: completely, entirely
  • Use in a Sentence: Much of the Mountain’s area is covered superficially by glacial drift and alluvium of the Ganga River.

3. Word: Sheer (परिपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: sheer/शीर
  • Part of Speech: Adverb, Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. nothing other than; unmitigated (used for emphasis). [Adjective]

b. completely; right. [Adverb]

  • Synonyms: complete, absolute
  • Antonyms: indefinite, incomplete
  • Use in a Sentence: The boy giggled with sheer delight.

4. Word: Behemoth (विशालकाय)

  • Pronunciation: bih-hee-muh th/बीहमथ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a huge or monstrous creature.

b. something enormous, especially a large and powerful organization.

  • Synonyms: giant, colossus
  • Antonyms: shrimp, dwarf
  • Use in a Sentence:  I was scared of the behemoth roller coaster that was the tallest and fastest in the world

5. Word: Moribund (अन्त के करीब)

  • Pronunciation: mawr-uh-buhnd/मॉरबन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

         a. (of a person) at the point of death.

b. (of a thing) in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.

  • Synonyms: dying, stagnant, weak
  • Antonyms: alive, fresh
  • Use in a Sentence: The region’s heavy industry is still inefficient and moribund.

6. Word: Prudent (चतुर)

  • Pronunciation: prood-nt/प्रूडन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: acting with or showing care and thought for the future.
  • Synonyms: careful, wise
  • Antonyms: foolish, careless
  • Use in a Sentence: It would be prudent to save some of the money.

7. Word: Linchpin (सर्वाधिक महत्वपूर्ण व्यक्ति)

  • Pronunciation: linch-pin/लिन्च्पिन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person or thing vital to an enterprise or organization.
  • Synonyms: foundation, backbone, basis
  • Antonyms: accessory
  • Use in a Sentence: Nurses are the linchpin of the health service.

8. Word: Salvage (रक्षा करना)

  • Pronunciation: sal-vij/सैल्विज
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 

a. rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea. [Verb]

b. the rescue of a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo from loss at sea. [Noun]

  • Synonyms:  rescue, save, recover, retrieve
  • Antonyms: lose, waste, injure
  • Use in a Sentence: All attempts to salvage the wrecked ship failed.

9. Word: Barely (केवल)

  • Pronunciation: bair-lee/बेर्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: only just; almost not, in a simple and sparse way.
  • Synonyms: hardly, scarcely, just
  • Antonyms: completely, easily
  • Use in a Sentence: The act was barely justified by the circumstances.

10. Word: Dud (असफल व्यक्ति )

  • Pronunciation: duhd/डड
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. not working or meeting standards; faulty. [Adjective]

b. a thing that fails to work properly or is otherwise unsatisfactory or worthless. [Noun]

c. trick or swindle (someone). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: flop, failure washout
  • Antonyms: triumph, successful
  • Use in a Sentence: The new manager is a complete dud.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Barely
  • Linchpin
  • Moribund
  • Sheer
  • Infuse

GK Questions:

Q1. Where is the headquarter of IDBI Bank?

Q2. Who is the CEO of IDBI Bank?

Q3. Where is the HQ of LIC?

Q4. What is the tagline of IDBI Bank?

Excercise

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1  Dud- successful
2  Salvage- Waste
3  Prudent – Careless
4  Behemoth – Simple
5  Superficially – Entirely

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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