Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 28th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from The Hindu, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

 

Reduce, segregate: On plastic ban

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Resilience (तन्यकता)

  • Pronunciation: ri-zil-yuh ns/रिज़िलीअन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness.

b. the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.

  • Synonyms:  flexibility, plasticity, elasticity,
  • Antonyms: frailty, rigidity
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother has shown great resilience to stress.

2. Word: Imperative (आज्ञार्थक,जरूरी)

  • Pronunciation: im-peruh-tiv/इम्पेरटिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: 

         a. of vital importance; crucial. [Adjective]

b. giving an authoritative command; peremptory. [Adjective]

c. an essential or urgent thing. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: necessary, obligatory, requisite
  • Antonyms: nonessential, insignificant, needless
  • Use in a Sentence: In an organization, a prompt reply is imperative.

3. Word: Acclaim (प्रशंसा)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kleym/अक्लैम
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. praise enthusiastically and publicly. [Noun]

b. enthusiastic and public praise. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: compliment, glorify
  • Antonyms: disapproval, sarcasm
  • Use in a Sentence: His latest novel has won great significant acclaim.

4. Word: Lackadaisical (भावुक)

  • Pronunciation: /लैकडैज़िकल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

       a. lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy.

  • Synonyms: apathetic, indifferent
  • Antonyms: energetic, active
  • Use in a Sentence: Sheela has a lackadaisical approach to finding a job.

5. Word: Abide (भुगतना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-bahyd/अबाइड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

b. be unable to tolerate.

  • Synonyms: endure, obey, acknowledge
  • Antonyms: reject, quit
  • Use in a Sentence: You have got to abide by the rules.

6. Word: Scourge (कष्ट देना)

  • Pronunciation: skurj/स्कर्ज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. a person or thing that causes great trouble or suffering. [Noun]

b. whip (someone) as a punishment/cause great suffering to. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: curse, bane, affliction
  • Antonyms: advantage, benefit
  • Use in a Sentence: The old man is scourged by a guilty conscience.

7. Word: Pledge (वादा करना)

  • Pronunciation: plej/प्लेज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. a solemn promise or undertaking.

  • Synonyms: guarantee, assurance
  • Antonyms: cancel, abort
  • Use in a Sentence: Meera said to me, Take this gift as a pledge of our friendship.

8. Word: Disruptive (अशांतिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: dis-ruhp-tiv/डिस्रप्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: causing or tending to cause disruption.
  • Synonyms: Disturbing, Distressful
  • Antonyms: Calming, Peaceful, Soothing
  • Use in a Sentence: Ramesh’s disruptive behavior put intense pressure on his family.

9. Word: Patchy (ठीक से न किया गया)

  • Pronunciation: pach-ee/पैची
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

       a. existing or happening in small, isolated areas.

b. not of the same quality throughout; inconsistent.

  • Synonyms: uneven, irregular
  • Antonyms: consistent, constant
  • Use in a Sentence: Attendance at these matches has been rather patchy recently.

10. Word: Disclosure (खुलासा)

  • Pronunciation: dih-skloh-zher/डिस्क्लोश़र
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. the action of making new or secret information known.

b. a fact, especially a secret, that is made known.

  • Synonyms: revelation, exposure
  • Antonyms: secret, privacy
  • Use in a Sentence: Any public disclosure of this data would be very damaging to the organization.

Practice Time 

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Disclosure
  • Patchy
  • Disruptive
  • Pledge
  • Abide

GK Questions

1. On which date, World Environment Day is celebrated?

2. Who is the Chief Minister of Maharashtra?

3. What is the theme of World Environment Day 2018?

Match the column

S No. Words Antonym 
1 Acclaim  Benefit
2 Resilience  Insignificant
3 Lackadaisical  Active
4 Scourge  Sarcasm
5 Imperative  Frailty

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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