Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 21st June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The HinduBusinessLine, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Back to the brink

 

Challenging Words from the Article

1. Word: Abyss (अगाध गर्त्त)

  • Pronunciation: uhbis/अबिस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a deep or seemingly bottomless chasm; the regions of hell conceived of as a bottomless pit.
  • Synonyms: gulf, depth, fissure
  • Antonyms: utopia, bliss, delight
  • Use in a Sentence: They took a long look into the abyss before deciding whether to jump.

2. Word: Stridency (कर्कशता)

  • Pronunciation: strahyd-ency/स्ट्राइडन्सी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the quality or state of being strident (having a shrill, irritating quality or character)
  • Synonyms: shrillness, harshness
  • Antonyms: softness, kindness
  • Use in a Sentence: His stridency also indicated a new perspective on the importance of the whole disagreement.

3. Word: Beleaguer (अवरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-lee-ger/बिलीगर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: put in a very difficult situation.
  • Synonyms: besiege, harass, pester
  • Antonyms: comfort, benefit, relax
  • Use in a Sentence: They beleaguered her with requests for forgiveness.

4. Word: Semblance (अनुरूपता)

  • Pronunciation: sem-bluh ns/सेम्ब्लन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
  • Synonyms: likeness, similarity, guise
  • Antonyms: contrast, opposite, unlikeness
  • Use in a Sentence: The film lacks any semblance of realism.

5. Word: Interlocutor (संभाषी)

  • Pronunciation: in-ter-lok-yuh-ter/इन्टर्लाक्यटर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  • Synonyms: speaker, interrogator
  • Antonyms: conceiver, acceptor
  • Use in a Sentence: The man was able to act as speaker and interlocutor for our group.

6. Word: Aftermath ( परिणाम)

  • Pronunciationaf-ter-math/ऐफ्टर्मैथ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the consequences or after-effects of a significant unpleasant event.
  • Synonyms: outcome, effect, eventuality
  • Antonyms: cause, reason, beginning
  • Use in a Sentence: In the aftermath of the typhoon, many people’s homes were destroyed.

7. Word: Pull the rug from under (अचानक सहायता बंद कर देना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrase of Rug
  • Meaning: abruptly withdraw support from (someone).
  • Synonyms: let down, hold back
  • Antonyms: keep supporting, mobilize
  • Use in a Sentence: If the clubs opt to pull the rug from under the cursed project, it will go into bankruptcy.

8. Word: To shoulder the blame for (पूर्ण जिम्मेदारी लेना)

  • Part of Speech: Idiom
  • Meaning: accept responsibility for, take full responsibility for
  • Synonyms: accept the blame, take responsibility
  • Antonyms: deny
  • Use in a Sentence: Although others were also responsible for the problem, Mohit decided to shoulder the blame.

9. Word: Shrug off (हटाना)

  • Pronunciation: /श्रग ऑफ
  • Part of Speech: Phrase
  • Meaning: to get rid of something.
  • Synonyms: dismiss, belittle, ignore
  • Antonyms: emphasize, maximize
  • Use in a Sentence: The company has been able to shrug off its failures and perform well.

10. Word: Ratchet up (बढ़ावा)

  • Pronunciationrach-it -up/रैचट अप
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb with Ratchet
  • Meaning: to increase something over a period of time
  • Synonyms: surge, boost
  • Antonyms: decline, drop
  • Use in a Sentence:  The debate should ratchet up awareness of the problem among members of the general public.

11. Word: Brink (कगार)

  • Pronunciation: bringk/ब्रिंगक
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a point at which something is about to happen; the verge.
  • Synonyms: border, boundary, edge
  • Antonyms: middle, center, inside
  • Use in a Sentence: Researchers are on the brink of making a new discovery.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Ratchet up
  • Shrug off
  • To shoulder the blame for
  • Pull the rug from under
  • Abyss

Exercise 2

Give one Synonym & Antonym of the word other than mentioned below

S No. Word
1  Brink
2  Interlocutor
3  Aftermath
4  Beleaguer
5  Stridency
6  Semblance

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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