Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 20th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

On Colombia’s first presidential election

Article Gist: Discussions on Colombia elections

Answer GK Questions in Comments section:

Q1. Who is the President of Colombia?

Q2. What is the currency of Colombia?

Q3. Bogotá is the capital of which country?

Now, let`s discuss the important words from the article.

Challenging Words from the Article

1. Word of the day: Protégé (आश्रित)

  • Pronunciation: proh-tuh-zhey/प्रोटश़ै
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person.
  • Synonyms: follower, believer, companion
  • Antonyms: leader, mentor, antagonist
  • Use in a Sentence: That morning, Protege was given a chance to scale  up the sides.

2. Word: Amnesty (अपराध-विस्मरण)

  • Pronunciationam-nuh-stee/ऐम्निस्टी
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. an official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offences. [Noun]

b. grant an official pardon to. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: exemption, forgiveness, liberation
  • Antonyms: adjudication, punishment, penalty
  • Use in a Sentence: The council granted an amnesty to all administrative captives.

3. Word: Consolidate (संयुक्तना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-sol-i-deyt/कन्सालिडैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

         a. make (something) physically stronger or more solid/Strengthen

b. combine (a number of things) into a single more effective or coherent whole.

  • Synonyms: amalgamate, unite, merge
  • Antonyms: seperate, weaken, disperse
  • Use in a Sentence: Rebel forces have consolidated their hold on the region.

4. Word: Insurgent (द्रोही)

  • Pronunciation: in-sur-juh nt/इन्सर्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person fighting against a government or invading force; a rebel or revolutionary.
  • Synonyms: maverick, rebel, revolutionary
  • Antonyms: loyal, compliant, obedient
  • Use in a Sentence: Insurgent forces were reported advancing in the region.

5. Word: Contentious (कलहप्रिय)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-ten-shuh s/कन्टेन्शस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial.

b. involving heated argument.

  • Synonyms: quarrelsome, combative, belligerent
  • Antonyms: pacifist, friendly, amicable
  • Use in a Sentence: She has some contentious opinions on education.

6. Word: Dispose (प्रवृत्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-spohz/डिस्पोज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. get rid of by throwing away or giving or selling to someone else.

b. incline (someone) towards a particular activity or mood.

  • Synonyms: Discard, jettison, abandon
  • Antonyms: retain, acquire, keep
  • Use in a Sentence: Let’s dispose of this matter once and for all.

7. Word: Tenuous (तुच्छ)

  • Pronunciationten-yoo-uh s/टेन्यूअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

a. very slender or fine; insubstantial.

b. weak or slight

  • Synonyms: flimsy, frail, feeble
  • Antonyms: substantial, significant
  • Use in a Sentence: His identity is becoming more and more tenuous.

8. Word: Enduring (सहनीय)

  • Pronunciation: इन्डुरिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: lasting over a period of time; durable.
  • Synonyms: stable, permanent, firm
  • Antonyms: brief, temporary
  • Use in a Sentence: Her most enduring feature is her natural innocence.

9. Word: Accord (सहमाति)

  • Pronunciationuhkawrd/अकॉर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:

        a. give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition). [Verb]

b. (of a concept or fact) be harmonious or consistent with. [Verb]

c. an official agreement or treaty. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: agreement, harmony, concord
  • Antonyms: discord, squabble
  • Use in a Sentence: Such an order would not be in accord with our system.

10. Word: Conducive (उपकारी)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-doo-siv/कन्डूसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible. 
  • Synonyms: advantageous, helpful, contributory
  • Antonyms: hindering, unfavourable, cumbersome
  • Use in a Sentence: The noise was hardly conducive to a good night’s sleep.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Match the column

S.No Give one synonym and antonym of the word other than mentioned above.
1 Amnesty
2 Conducive
3 Accord
4 Enduring
5 Tenuous

Answer in the comment section.

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Dispose
  • Protégé
  • Consolidate
  • Contentious
  • Insurgent

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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