Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 18th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Golden feet

 

Important Words from the Article

1. Word of the day: Spearhead (नेतृत्व करना)

  • Pronunciationspeer-hed/स्पिर्हेड
  • Part of Speech: Noun/Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. an individual or group chosen to lead an attack or movement. [Noun]

b. lead (an attack or movement). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: head, pioneer, forefront
  • Antonyms: backside
  • Use in a Sentence: The new managing director will act as spearhead of the campaign.

2. Word: Shun (त्यागना)

  • Pronunciation: shuhn/शन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
  • Synonyms: evade, dodge
  • Antonyms: accept, embrace
  • Use in a Sentence: They wear simple clothes and shun modern inventions.

3. Word: Inflict (थोपना)

  • Pronunciation: in-flikt/इन्फ्लिक्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
        a. cause (something unpleasant or painful) to be suffered by someone or something.
        b. impose something unwelcome on.
  • Synonyms: impose, enforce
  • Antonyms: release, lessen
  • Use in a Sentence: Don’t inflict your ideas on everybody.

4. Word: Endure (भुगतना)

  • Pronunciation: en-doo r/इन्डुर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.

b. remain in existence; last.

  • Synonyms: tolerate, abide
  • Antonyms: cease, dismiss
  • Use in a Sentence: The pain was almost too great to endure.

5. Word: Contend (संघर्ष करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-tend/कन्टेन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. assert something as a position in an argument.

b. struggle to surmount (a difficulty).

  • Synonyms: cope with, withstand
  • Antonyms: abandon, disown
  • Use in a Sentence: The new President had great difficulties to contend with.

6. Word: Persuade (राज़ी करना)

  • Pronunciation: per-sweyd/पर्स्वैड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

b. cause (someone) to believe something, especially after a sustained effort; convince.

  • Synonyms: convince, influence
  • Antonyms: dissuade, prevent
  • Use in a Sentence: They failed in their attempt to persuade her.

7. Word: Immortalise (अमर कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: ih-mawr-tl-ahyz/इमॉर्टलाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: confer enduring fame upon.
  • Synonyms: commemorate, deify
  • Antonyms: dishonor, castigate
  • Use in a Sentence: D H Lawrence immortalised her in his novel ‘Women in Love’.

8. Word: Squad (झुंड)

  • Pronunciation: skwod/स्क्वाड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a small group of people having a particular task.
  • Synonyms: team, group, troop
  • Antonyms: individual
  • Use in a Sentence: Many people died in front of the firing squad.

9. Word: Roster (सूची)

  • Pronunciationros-ter/रास्टर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a list or plan showing turns of duty or leave for individuals or groups in an organization.
  • Synonyms: roll, schedule, record
  • Antonyms: erase, disarrange
  • Use in a Sentence: The coach checked the roster to see who was missing in the team.

10. Word: Captivate (मोहित करना)

  • Pronunciationkap-tuh-veyt/कैप्टिवैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: attract and hold the interest and attention of; charm.
  • Synonyms: fascinate, allure
  • Antonyms: bote, offend
  • Use in a Sentence: The children were captivated by teacher`s stories.

11. Word: Revive (पुनः प्रचलित करना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-vahyv/रीवाइव
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. restore to life or consciousness.

b. give new strength or energy to.

  • Synonyms: renew, refresh
  • Antonyms: destroy, abolish
  • Use in a Sentence: Now, the economy is starting to revive.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Spearhead
  • Captivate
  • Roster
  • Squad

Exercise 2

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Answer Synonym Answer Antonym
1  Immortalise  Endure
2  Flurry  Inflict
3  Contend  Shunning
4  Roster  Squad
5  Persuade  Revive

Article Gist: 2018 FIFA World Cup is discussed. 

Answer GK Questions in Comments section:

Q1. Which country is hosting FIFA 2018 World Cup?

Q2. Who is the captain of Argentina National Football Team (Men)?

Q3. The 2018 FIFA World Cup is the ___st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament contested by the men’s national teams of the member associations of FIFA.

Q4. What Is the full form of FIFA?

 

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