Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 16th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Islands apart

Important Words from the Article

1. Word of the day: Incarceration (बांध देना)

  • Pronunciation: in-kahr-suhrey-shuh n/इन्कार्सरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.
  • Synonyms: detention, restraint, punishment
  • Antonyms: freedom, liberty, redemption
  • Use in a Sentence: There have been angry protests about his arrest and incarceration.

2. Word: Nosedived (भारी गिरावट आना)

  • Pronunciationnohz-dahyv-d/ नोज़्डाइव
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: deteriorate suddenly and dramatically.
  • Synonyms: plunged, decline
  • Antonyms: hesitated
  • Use in a Sentence: During that time, the quality of British film-making nosedived.

3. Word: Contention (विवाद)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-ten-shuh n/कन्टेन्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  

        a. heated disagreement.

b. an assertion, especially one maintained in an argument.

  • Synonyms: conflict, dispute, discord
  • Antonyms: affection, peace, friendship
  • Use in a Sentence: There is no evidence to support her contention.

4. Word: Treason (कपट)

  • Pronunciationtree-zuh n/ट्रीज़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of betraying someone or something.
  • Synonyms: treachery, disloyalty, betrayal
  • Antonyms: loyalty, honesty, constancy
  • Use in a Sentence: He was accused of treason and killed.

5. Word: Bolster (सहारा)

  • Pronunciationbohl-ster/बोल्स्टर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: support or strengthen.
  • Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
  • Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
  • Use in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory’s confidence.

6. Word: Autocracy (एकतंत्र)

  • Pronunciation: aw-tok-ruh-see/ऑटाक्रसी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a system of government by one person with absolute power.
  • Synonyms: dictatorship, monocracy, authority
  • Antonyms: democracy, oligarchy
  • Use in a Sentence: Many underdeveloped countries are abandoning autocracy.

7. Word: Sham (बनावटी, पाखंड)

  • Pronunciation: sham/शैम
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning:  

         a. a thing that is not what it is purported to be. [Noun]

b. bogus; false. [Adjective]

c. falsely present something as the truth. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: counterfeit, fake, pretend
  • Antonyms: real, genuine, authentic
  • Use in a Sentence: The elections were a complete sham.

8. Word: Envoy (प्रतिनिधि)

  • Pronunciation: en-voi/आन्वॉइ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission.
  • Synonyms: delegate, agent
  • Antonym: receiver
  • Use in a Sentence: He served as envoy to the French government.

9. Word: Depose (हटा देना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-pohz/डिपोज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. remove from office suddenly and forcefully.

b. testify to or give (evidence) under oath, typically in a written statement.

  • Synonyms: displace, overthrow, oust
  • Antonyms: elect, designate
  • Use in a Sentence: The organization deposed him from his position.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Autocracy
  • Depose
  • Nosedived

Exercise

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Answer Synonym Answer Antonym
1 Treason Envoy
2 Sham Bolster
3 Incarceration Contention
4 Nosedived Autocracy

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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