Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 11th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu Business Line’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Midcap mayhem

Important Words from the Article

1. Word of the day: Disseminate (प्रसारित करना)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  spread (something, especially information) widely.
  • Pronunciation: dis-eminate/डिसेमनैट
  • Synonyms: spread, scatter ,circulate, publicize.
  • Antonyms: conceal, hide, gather, collect
  • Use in a Sentence: Cover your mouth while sneezing so that you do not disseminate bacteria.

2. Word: Speculative (अव्यवहार्य)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:

a. engaged in, expressing, or based on conjecture rather than knowledge.

b. (of an investment) involving a high risk of loss.

  • Pronunciationspek-yuh-ley-tiv/स्पेक्यलेटिव
  • Synonyms: risky, uncertain, tentative
  • Antonyms: definite, certain, proven
  • Use in a Sentence: She had a speculative glow in her eyes.

3. Word: Mayhem (हलचल)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: violent or extreme disorder; chaos.
  • Pronunciationmey-hem/ मैहेम
  • Synonyms: chaos, disorder, commotion
  • Antonyms: calm, harmony, discipline
  • Use in a Sentence: There was complete mayhem after the explosion.

4. Word: Bloodbath (हत्याकाण्ड)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an event or situation in which many people are killed in an extremely violent way.
  • Pronunciation: ब्लड्बैथ
  • Synonyms: bloodshed, slaughter, massacre
  • Antonyms: civility, cordiality, friendship
  • Use in a Sentence: A bloodbath took place when the officers of the plot resigned.

5. Word: Flare-up (दंगा)

  • Pronunciation: flair-up/फ्लेर अप
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a sudden outburst of something, especially violence or hostility.
  • Synonyms: eruption, blaze, burst
  • Antonyms: silence, pause, calm
  • Use in a Sentence: There has been a flare-up of violence in that area.

6. Word: Dissipate (नष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciationdisuh-peyt/डिसपैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  

a. (with reference to a feeling or emotion) disappear or cause to disappear.

b. waste or fritter away (money, energy, or resources).

  • Synonyms: squander, dissolve, vanish
  • Antonyms: gather, accumulate, improve
  • Use in a Sentence: She wanted to dissipate her anger before making the next phone call.

7. Word: Obscure (अस्पष्ट)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Verb
  • Meaning: 

a. not discovered or known about; uncertain [Adjective]

b. keep from being seen, conceal [Verb]

  • Pronunciation: Obs-cure/अब्स्क्युर
  • Synonyms: ambiguous, hidden
  • Antonyms: clear, common
  • Use in a Sentence: His poetry is full of obscure literary allusions.

8. Word: Disconcerting (चिंताजनक)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to cause discomfort, uneasiness or alarm; unsettling; troubling; upsetting.
  • Pronunciation:  dis-kun-sur-ting/डिस्कन्सर्टिंग
  • Synonyms: unsettling, disturbing, embarrassing.
  • Antonyms: soothing, affable, comforting
  • Use in a Sentence: I found it very disconcerting to be in the function in which I was not invited.

9. Word: Turmoil (उथल-पुथल)

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state of confusion or disorder
  • Pronunciation: Tur-mawl/टर्मॉइल
  • Synonyms:  confusion, disorder, agitation/disruption.
  • Antonyms: calm, peace
  • Use in a Sentence The magistrate was not reelected to his office because of his inability to bring the city out of financial turmoil.

10. Word: Swiftly (तेजी से)

  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: without delay, after a very short time
  • Pronunciation: Swe-ift-ly/स्विफ्ट्ली
  • Synonyms: promptly, instantly
  • Antonyms: slowly, sluggishly
  • Use in a Sentence: The police must be able to react swiftly in an emergency.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Bloodbath
  • Flare-up
  • Swiftly
  • Mayhem

Match the column

S No. Write the Synonym of the word. Write the Antonym of the word.
1  Disseminate  Turmoil
2  Speculative  Dissipate
3  Swiftly  Disconcerting
4  Obscure  Mayhem

GK Questions

Q1. Who is the chairman of SEBI?

Q2.  _____ is the regulator for the securities market in India.

Q3. In which year, SEBI was established?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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