Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 9th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Pre-emptive strike

Challenging Words from the Article

1. Word: Unanimously (सर्वसम्मति से)

  • Pronunciation: yoo-nanuh-muh s-ly/यूनैनमस्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: 

        a. without opposition; with the agreement of all people involved.

  • Synonyms: together, with one accord
  • Antonyms: contrastingly, barely
  • Use in a Sentence: A representative of MPs has unanimously agreed to withdraw his bill.

2. Word: Pre-emptive (प्रथम)

  • Pronunciation: pree-emp-tiv/
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. serving or intended to pre-empt or forestall something, especially to prevent attack by disabling the enemy.

  • Synonyms: proactive, early
  • Antonyms: reactive, permissive
  • Use in a Sentence: They decided to launch a pre-emptive strike.

3. Word: Exodus (पलायन)

  • Pronunciationek-suh-duh s/एक्सडस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  a mass departure of people.
  • Synonyms: withdrawal, evacuation, exit, departure, egress
  • Antonyms: arrival, influx, inflow, entry
  • Use in a Sentence: There has been a mass exodus of workers from the villages to the cities.

4. Word: Spurt (उछाल)

  • Pronunciation: spurt/स्पर्
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an unexpected short increase in activity, development or effort
  • Synonyms: sprint, burst, flare, flare-up, flash, flicker
  • Antonyms: calm, doldrums, slump
  • Use in a Sentence: She felt a spurt of anger against her sister.

5. Word: Exacerbate (ख़राब करना)

  • Pronunciationex-aca-bate/इग्ज़ैसर्बेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: to increase the severity or worsen/make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
  • Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame
  • Antonyms: calm, reduce
  • Use in a Sentence: She don’t want to exacerbate the situation.

6. Word: Viable (व्यवहार्य)

  • Pronunciationvahyuh-buh l]/वाइअबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: Capable of working successfully; feasible.
  • Synonyms: feasible, tenable, doable
  • Antonyms: futile, incredible, hopeless
  • Use in a Sentence: None of the projects shown economically viable.

7. Word: Assert (दावा करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-surt/असर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: state a fact or belief confidently and forcefully
  • Synonyms: argue, claim
  • Antonyms: deny, abandon
  • Use in a Sentence: In his speech, the candidate will assert that he is the best man for administration.

8. Word: Mandate (आदेश देना)

  • Pronunciationman-deyt/मैन्डेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:  

        a. an official order or commission to do something. [Noun]

b. give (someone) authority to act in a certain way. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: order, command, instruction
  • Antonyms: prohibit, abolish, denial
  • Use in a Sentence: The organization was chosen with a mandate to reduce the size of government.

9. Word – Rampant (अनियंत्रित)

  • Pronunciation: ram-puh nt/ रैम्पन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: flourishing or spreading unchecked.
  • Synonyms: uncontrolled, unrestrained, pervasive
  • Antonyms: sparse, limited, controlled
  • Use in a Sentence: Poverty was rampant in the nonurban areas of the country.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Unanimously
  • Pre-emptive
  • Mandate
  • Assert

Match the column

S No. Words Antonym/Synonym
1  Viable  Order
2  Exacerbate  Flicker
3  Spurt  Entry
4  Exodus  Calm
5  Mandate  Doable
6  Rampant  Controlled

GK Questions

Q1. What is the current repo rate?

Q2. Donald Trump is the president of which country?

Q3. Who is the governor of RBI?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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