Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 5th June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘ The Hindu ’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Populists in Rome

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Whirlwind (बहुत तेज़)

  • Pronunciation: hwurl-wind/ह्वर्ल्विन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  

         a. a column of air moving rapidly round and round in a cylindrical or funnel shape.

b. used with reference to a very energetic person or a tumultuous process.

  • Synonyms: typhoon, hurricane, fast, swift, impulsive
  • Antonyms: slow, sluggish
  • Use in a Sentence: It was a whirlwind administrative partnership that didn’t last.

2. Word: Dissipate (नष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciationdisuh-peyt/डिसपैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  

a. (with reference to a feeling or emotion) disappear or cause to disappear.

b. waste or fritter away (money, energy, or resources).

  • Synonyms: squander, dissolve, vanish
  • Antonyms: gather, accumulate, improve
  • Use in a Sentence: She wanted to dissipate her anger before making the next phone call.

3. Word: Rabble-rousing (भड़काना)

  • Pronunciationrabuh l-rou-zing/रैबल राउज़िंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: to stir up the emotions or prejudices of the public; agitate.
  • Synonyms: instigative, agitation, provocative
  • Antonyms: calming, pleasing
  • Use in a Sentence: Critics have accused him of rabble-rousing.

4. Word: Jittery (तनावग्रस्त)

  • Pronunciationjituh-ree/जिटरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: nervous or unable to relax.
  • Synonyms: uneasy, tense, anxious
  • Antonyms: confident, peaceful, calm
  • Use in a Sentence: My friend felt jittery before going on stage.

5. Word: Disband (छिन्न-भिन्न करना)

  • Pronunciation: डिस्बैन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  (with reference to an organized group) break up or cause to break up.
  • Synonyms: disperse, split, spread
  • Antonyms: collect, associate, congregate
  • Use in a Sentence: The government tried to disband the illegal organization.

6. Word: Assent (स्वीकार करना)

  • Pronunciationuhsent/असेन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: express approval or agreement.
  • Synonyms: consent, sanction, affirmation
  • Antonyms: disagree, reject, denial
  • Use in a Sentence: The administration gave their assent to the plan.

7. Word: Disenchantment (निराशा)

  • Pronunciation:dis-en-chant-ment/डिसिन्चैन्ट्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired; disillusionment.
  • Synonyms: discontent, disgruntlement, dissent
  • Antonyms: satisfaction, delight, gratification
  • Use in a Sentence: Citizens have expressed growing disenchantment with the government.

8. Word: Austerity (कठिनता)

  • Pronunciation: aw-ster-i-tee/ऑस्टेरिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:  

         a. sternness or severity of manner or attitude.

b. difficult economic conditions created by government measures to reduce public expenditure.

  • Synonyms: severity, harshness, prudence
  • Antonyms: extravagance, benevolence, gentility
  • Use in a Sentence: A unique austerity marked his beliefs of modern life.

9. Word: Embellish (सँवारना)

  • Pronunciation: em-bel-ish/एम्बेलिश
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  

         a. make (something) more attractive by the addition of decorative details or features.

b. make (a statement or story) more interesting by adding extra details that are often untrue.

  • Synonyms: beautify, enrich, aggrandize
  • Antonyms: deface, spoil, blemish
  • Use in a Sentence: Just tell the truth and don’t embellish the story by any means.

10. Word: Wrangle (लड़ाई-झगड़ा करना)

  • Pronunciationरैंगगल
  • Part of Speech: Noun/verb
  • Meaning:  

         a. a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated. [Noun]

         b. round up, herd, or take charge of (livestock). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: Dispute, Quarrel, Fight, Argue
  • Antonyms: Agreement, Reconcile, Harmony
  • Use in a Sentence: On Friday night, five people were wrangling on the road.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Match the column

S No. Write the Synonym of given words Write the Antonym of given words
1  Whirlwind  Dissipate
2  Wrangle  Embellish
3  Austerity  Disenchantment
4  Disband  Jittery

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Assent
  • Disband
  • Rabble-rousing
  • Jittery

GK Questions

Q1. What is the capital and currency of Rome?

Q2. Who is the current PM of Italy?

Q3. Sergio Mattarella is the president of which country?

Q4. What is the capital of Belgium?

Answer in the comment section.



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