Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 2nd June 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘livemint’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

China slams Donald Trump’s ‘flip-flop’ on tariffs as trade spat worsens

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Truce (युद्धविराम)

  • Pronunciation: troos/ट्रूस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time.
  • Synonyms: armistice, peace, reconciliation
  • Antonyms: struggle, battle, combat
  • Use in a Sentence: The white flag is a symbol of a truce.

Word: Derail (अवपथन)

  • Pronunciation: dee-reyl/डीरेल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: obstruct (a process) by diverting it from its intended course.
  • Synonyms: dissuade, divert
  • Antonyms: assist, encourage, improve
  • Use in a Sentence: That incident could derail the entire process.

Word: Rattle (परेशान करना)

  • Pronunciation:rat-l/रैटल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 

        a. make or cause to make a rapid succession of short, sharp knocking sounds. [Verb]

        b. make (someone) nervous, worried, or irritated. [Verb]

        c. a rapid succession of short, sharp, sounds. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: clutter, shake, agitate
  • Antonyms: soothe, appease, silence
  • Use in a Sentence: The creaking upstairs was starting to rattle me.

Word: Vacillate (अनिश्चितता)

  • Pronunciation: vas-uh-leyt/वैसलैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
  • Synonyms: fluctuate, hesitate, dither
  • Antonyms: continue, persist, decide
  • Use in a Sentence: Don’t ever vacillate about asking for assistance if you need it.

Word: Mercurial (अस्थिर)

  • Pronunciation: mer-kyoo r-ee-uh l/मर्क्युरीअल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind/animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted
  • Synonyms: capricious, fickle, unstable
  • Antonyms: consistent, calm, reliable
  • Use in a Sentence: His mercurial and inconstant temperament left him with few friends.

Word: Tranche (भाग)

  • Pronunciation: trahnch/ ट्रैन्च
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a portion of something, especially money
  • Synonyms: portion, share, chunk
  • Antonyms: whole
  • Use in a Sentence: The first tranche of 500 million was disbursed last month.

Word: Hawkish (युद्धकारी)

  • Pronunciation: haw-kish/हॉकिश
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: advocating an aggressive or warlike policy, especially in foreign affairs.
  • Synonyms: warlike, combative, belligerent
  • Antonyms: peaceful, friendly, dovish
  • Use in a Sentence: She is one of the most hawkish members of the team.

Word: Amplify (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: am-pluh-fahy/ऐम्प्लफाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: enlarge upon or add detail to (a story or statement)
  • Synonyms: expand, magnify, augment
  • Antonyms: reduce, shorten, abridge
  • Use in a Sentence: You must amplify your effort by working a lot harder.

Word: Appease (शांति होना)

  • Pronunciation: uhpeez/अपीज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: pacify or placate (someone) by acceding to their demands.
  • Synonyms: soothe, assuage, alleviate
  • Antonyms: annoy, aggravate, enrage
  • Use in a Sentence: My sister tried to appease the crying child by giving him chocolate.

Word: Litigation (मुकदमे बाजी)

  • Pronunciation:lit-i-gey-shuh n/लिटगैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the process of taking legal action.
  • Synonyms: proceeding, dispute, contention
  • Antonyms: compromise, accord, truce
  • Use in a Sentence: The payment was made early to avoid litigation.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Match the column

S No. Words Synonym
1 Truce Assuage
2 Appease Augment
3 Hawkish Peace
4 Mercurial Combative
5 Amplify Fickle

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Litigation
  • Derail
  • Rattle
  • Tranche
  • Vacillate

GK Questions

Q1. Who is the President of US?

Q2. Where is the headquarter of Morgan Stanley Pvt. Ltd.?

Q3. Who regulates the trade in the world?

Q4. Where is the HQ of WTO?

Answer in the comment section.



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