Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 30th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Stress test

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Bountiful (भरपूर)

  • Pronunciation: boun-tuh-fuh l/बाउन्टिफल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. large in quantity; abundant.
    b. giving generously.
  • Synonyms: plentiful, ample, magnanimous, munificent
  • Antonyms: greedy, sparse, insufficient
  • Use in a Sentence: We have found a bountiful supply of coconuts in the city.

Word: Predicament (दुर्दशा)

  • Pronunciation: pri-dik-uh-muh nt/प्रीडिकमन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.
  • Synonyms: dilemma, quandary, crisis
  • Antonyms: benefit, advantage, agreement
  • Use in a Sentence: Many aspirants find themselves in the predicament of not being able to afford coaching.

Word: Reinvigorate (फिर बल देना/नयी उर्जा )

  • Pronunciation: re-in-vig-uh-reyt/रीइन्विगरैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: give new energy or strength to.
  • Synonyms: rejuvenate, refresh, renew
  • Antonyms: dampen, demoralize, tired
  • Use in a Sentence: The fresh air in the garden reinvigorated me.

Word: Propitiate (संतुष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-pish-ee-eyt/प्रपिशीएट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: win or regain the favour of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them.
  • Synonyms: pacify, assuage, mollify
  • Antonyms: exasperate, annoy, aggravate
  • Use in a Sentence: They offered a sacrifice to propitiate the god.

Word: Vagaries (अनिश्चितताएं)

  • Pronunciation: vuh-gair-ee/वैगरीज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behaviour.
  • Synonyms: whims, urges, temper
  • Antonyms: consistency, evenness
  • Use in a Sentence: Because Kim has a bipolar disorder, she is known to display a vagary without any warning.

Word: Apportion (भाग करना)

  • Pronunciation: uh-pawr-shuh n/अपोर्शन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: divide up and share out, assign
  • Synonyms: allot, distribute, segment
  • Antonyms: assemble, gather, collect
  • Use in a Sentence: The funds were apportioned amongst the several departments.

Word: Dwindles (घटाना)

  • Pronunciation: dwin-dl/ड्विन्डल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength.
  • Synonyms: lesse, decrease, reduces
  • Antonyms: accumulates, enlages, increases
  • Use in a Sentence: Passenger service had dwindled over the years.

Word: At Loggerheads (असहमत)

  • Pronunciation: law-ger-hed/लॉगर्हेड
  • Part of Speech: Phrase of loggerhead
  • Meaning: in violent dispute or disagreement.
  • Synonyms: clashing, quarreling
  • Antonyms: agreements, understanding
  • Use in a Sentence: The Prime Minister is at loggerheads with the chairman over public spending.

Word: Respite (विलम्ब करना)

  • Pronunciation: res-pit/रेस्पिट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:

        a. a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant. [Noun]

        b. postpone (a sentence, obligation, etc.). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: break, pause, delay
  • Antonyms: conclude, continuation, awake
  • Use in a Sentence: We worked for hours without any respite.

Word: Merely (केवल)

  • Pronunciation: meer-lee/मीर्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: only as specified and nothing more; simply
  • Synonyms: simply, solely, alone
  • Antonyms: absolute, abundantly
  • Use in a Sentence: There is no point in merely repeating what we’ve done earlier.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

GK Questions

Q1. Where is Sardar Sarovar dam located?

Q2. _______ is a river in central India and the sixth longest river in the Indian subcontinent.

Q3. Sabarmati river originates from which state?

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Bountiful
  • Loggerheads 
  • Dwindles
  • Vagaries
  • Propitiate

Match the column

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1  Respite – Continuation
2  Apportion – Assemble
3  Bountiful – Sparse
4  Predicament – Benefit
5  Reinvigorate – refresh
6  Merely – Simply

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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