Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 29th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu Business Line’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Food for thought

Important Words from the Article

Word: Reprieve (दण्डविराम करना)

  • Pronunciation: ri-preev/ रीप्रीव
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death). [Verb]

       b. a cancellation or postponement of a punishment. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: pardon, let off, rescue
  • Antonyms: punish, blame, penalty
  • Use in a Sentence: Because of a legal review, the criminal was granted a reprieve on his sentence.

Word: Curtail (कम करना)

  • Pronunciation:ker-teyl /कर्टैल
  • Part of Speech:
  • Meaning:

       a. reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on.

       b. deprive someone of (something).

  • Synonyms: shorten, reduce, diminish
  • Antonyms: extend, prolong, maximize
  • Use in a Sentence: We must try to curtail our spending.

Word: Flawed (दोषपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: flawd/फ्लॉड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: having or characterized by a fundamental weakness or imperfection.
  • Synonyms: erroneous, imperfect, faulty
  • Antonyms: flawless, ideal, correct
  • Use in a Sentence: Ministers have to do the best they can with the flawed system we have.

Word: Stonewalling (अवरोध)

  • Pronunciationstohn-waw-ling/स्टोन्वॉलिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: delay or obstruct (a request, process, or person) by refusing to answer questions or by being evasive.
  • Synonyms: impeding, obscuring, hindrance
  • Antonyms: direct, outspoken, candid
  • Use in a Sentence: After 1 month of stonewalling, he faced the issue.

Word: Guise (भेष)

  • Pronunciation: gahyz/गाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an external form, appearance, or manner of presentation, typically concealing the true nature of something.
  • Synonyms: external appearance, semblance, likeness
  • Antonyms: reality, actuality, evade
  • Use in a Sentence: I think these are the same ideas in a different guise.

Word: Assertiveness (आग्रहिता )

  • Pronunciation: uh-sur-tiv-nes/असर्टिव्नेस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: confident and forceful behavior.
  • Synonyms: aggressiveness, uncontrollability, forcefulness
  • Antonyms: laziness, meekness, modesty
  • Use in a Sentence: His voice was sharp with greater assertiveness.

Word: Prise  (बल से अलग करना)

  • Pronunciation: prahyz/प्राइज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

        a. use force in order to move, move apart, or open (something).

        b. obtain something from (someone) with effort or difficulty.

  • Synonyms: separation, detachment, parting
  • Antonyms: connection, integration
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother used a knife to prise open the lid.

Word: Depreciation (अवमूल्यन)

  • Pronunciation: dih-pree-shee-ey-shuh n/डिप्रीशीऐशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. a reduction in the value of an asset over time, due in particular to wear and tear.

       b. a decrease in the value of a currency relative to other currencies.

  • Synonyms: derogation, reduction, slander
  • Antonyms: appreciation, rehabilitation, rise
  • Use in a Sentence: These changes have greatly depreciated the value of the home.

Word: Exaggerate (बढ़ाकर कहना)

  • Pronunciation: ig-zaj-uh-reyt/इग्ज़ैजरैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is.

       b. enlarged or altered beyond normal proportions.

  • Synonyms: aggrandizes, magnifies, heightens
  • Antonyms: devalues, alleviates, weakens
  • Use in a Sentence: Everyone exaggerates his/her natural tendency under tension.

Word: Deem (विचारना)

  • Pronunciation: deem/डीम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: regard or consider in a specified way.
  • Synonyms: assumed, judged, presumed
  • Antonyms: doubted, disbelieved
  • Use in a Sentence: Don’t you deem that it is your responsibility to support?

Practice Time 

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Deem
  • Prise
  • Guise
  • Flawed

Match the column

S No. Words Antonym 
1  Assertiveness  Prolong
2  Reprieve  Rise
3  Depreciation  Penalty
4  Curtail  Weakens
5  Exaggerate  Modesty

GK Questions:

1. What is the currency and capital of Thailand?

2. Where is the headquarter of WTO?

3. Buenos Aires is the capital of which country? Also, tell its currency.

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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