Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 28th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

The Russian ride

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Premise (आधार वाक्य)

  • Pronunciationprem-is/प्रेमिस
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion. [Noun]
    b. base an argument, theory, or undertaking on. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: supposition, hypothesis, presumption
  • Antonyms: truth, fact, reality
  • Use in a Sentence: We can infer a conclusion from the given premise.

Word: Substantively (मूल रूप में)

  • Pronunciationsuhb-stuh n-tiv-ly/सब्स्टन्टिवली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: in a way that is important, meaningful, or considerable.
  • Synonyms: essentially, factually, indispensable
  • Antonyms: insignificantly, marginally
  • Use in a Sentence: This chapter was never substantively altered.

Word: Jeopardise (खतरे में डालना)

  • Pronunciationjep-er-dahyz/जेपर्डाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.
  • Synonyms: endanger, menace, hazard
  • Antonyms: safety, protection
  • Use in a Sentence: This action can jeopardise the whole operation.

Word: Adversary (विपक्षी)

  • Pronunciation: ad-ver-ser-ee/ऐड्वर्सेरी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.
  • Synonyms: rivals, disagreements, attackers
  • Antonyms: accomplices, supporters
  • Use in a Sentence: The political adversaries are creating a trouble for me.

Word: Recalibration (दुबारा जांचना)

  • Pronunciation: re-kaluh-breyt/रीकैलब्रैशन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: calibrate (something) again or differently.

Calibrate: to determine, check, or rectify the graduation of (any instrument)/ to determine the correct range for (an artillery etc.) by observing where the fired projectile hits.

  • Synonyms: reevaluating, redressing
  • Antonyms: disorganize, neglect
  • Use in a Sentence: It also does not need recalibration after launching or during its service life.

Word: Break the ice (विवाद हल करना)

  • Part of Speech: Idiom
  • Meaning: To do something as a means of reducing or eliminating shyness, awkward tension, or unfamiliarity.
  • Synonyms: break down stiffness, take the heat off
  • Antonyms: cease, terminate, come to a standstill
  • Use in a Sentence: I tried to break the ice by offering sweets to my sister, but she said no.

Word: Frayed (अस्तव्यस्त)

  • Pronunciation: frey-ed/फ्रैड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. (of a fabric, rope, or cord) unravelled or worn at the edge.

b. (of a person’s nerves or temper) showing the effects of strain.

  • Synonyms: shabby, raged, worn out
  • Antonyms: improve, virtuous, calmed
  • Use in a Sentence: Relationships between us have become frayed through misunderstandings.

Word: Intriguing (लुभावना)

  • Pronunciation: in-treeg-ing/इन्ट्रीगिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: arousing one’s curiosity or interest; fascinating.
  • Synonyms: fascinating, alluring, engaging
  • Antonyms: tedious, boring, dull
  • Use in a Sentence: The deal was an intriguing matter of 1.7 million dollars.

Word: Hitherto (अब तक)

  • Pronunciationhith -er-too/हिदर्टू
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: until now or until the point in time under discussion.
  • Synonyms: yet, so far, till date
  • Antonyms: currently, instantly, recently
  • Use in a Sentence: All attempts to make hydrogen enters into stable chemical union have hitherto proved unsuccessful.

Word: Flux (प्रवाह)

  • Pronunciation: fluhks/फ्लक्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of flowing or flowing out.
  • Synonyms: motion, liquefy, melt
  • Antonyms: stability, permanence
  • Use in a Sentence: Our programs are in a situation of flux at the moment.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  •  Premise
  •  Flux
  •  Hitherto
  •  Break the ice
  •  Recalibration

Match the column

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1  Substantively – Essentially
2  Intriguing – Boring
3  Frayed – Virtuous
4  Adversary – Disagreements
5  Jeopardise – Protection
6  Recalibration – Neglect

GK Questions:

Q1. Who is the President of Russia?

Q2. What is the currency of China?

Q3. Where is the headquarter of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation?

Q4. At which location, BRICS summit 2018 is going to be held?

Q5. BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies. What is the name of 5 countries?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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