Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 21st May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu BusinessLine’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

 Roller Coaster Ride

Important Words from the Article

Word: Decisive (निर्णयात्मक)

  • Pronunciation: dih-sahy-siv/डिसाइसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

         a. having or showing the ability to make decisions quickly and effectively.

         b. settling an issue; producing a definite result.

  • Synonyms: conclusive, resolute, determined
  • Antonyms: uncertain, indefinite, ambiguous
  • Use in a Sentence: You must be decisive and persistent to succeed in this competitive exam.

Word: Arbitrary (मनमाना)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee/आर्बिट्रेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
        b. (of power or a ruling body) unrestrained and autocratic in the use of authority.
  • Synonyms: autocratic, dogmatic, domineering
  • Antonyms: reasonable, rational, systematic
  • Use in a Sentence: The rules of that company seems inflexible and arbitrary.

Word: Perceptible (सुस्पष्ट)  

  • Pronunciation: per-sep-tuh-buh l/पर्सेप्टबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: able to be seen or noticed.
  • Synonyms: evident, apparent, recognizable
  • Antonyms: intangible, vague, obscure
  • Use in a Sentence: The increase in price has no perceptible effect on sales.

Word: Laudable (प्रशंसनीय)

  • Pronunciationlaw-duh-buh l/ लॉडबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: deserving praise and commendation.
  • Synonyms: praiseworthy, commendable, admirable
  • Antonyms: disgraceful, outrageous, undeserving
  • Use in a Sentence: My father’s work for charity is highly laudable.

Word: Dovetail (गठजोड़)

  • Pronunciation: duhv-teyl/डव्टैल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. join together by means of a dovetail.

        b. fit or cause to fit together easily and conveniently.

  • Synonyms: fit, accord, concur
  • Antonyms: disconnect, disunite, diverge
  • Use in a Sentence: I am trying to dovetail my plans with the friends.

Word: Tangible (वास्तविक)

  • Pronunciation: tan-juh-buh l/टैन्जबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective/Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. capable of being touched; discernible by the touch; material or substantial. [Adjective]
    b. real or actual, rather than imaginary or visionary [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: concrete, obvious, perceivable
  • Antonyms: abstract, unreal, imaginary
  • Use in a Sentence: Police need tangible evidence to take legal action

Word: Plethora (अधिकता)

  • Pronunciationpleth-er-uh/प्लथॉर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a large or excessive amount of something.
  • Synonyms: superabundance, surplus, plenty
  • Antonyms: scarcity, dearth, shortage
  • Use in a Sentence: The forensic report contains a plethora of detail.

Word: Scarce (अपर्याप्त)

  • Pronunciation: स्केर्स
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a insufficient for the demand.

        b. occurring in small numbers or quantities; rare.

  • Synonyms: scantymeagersparse
  • Antonymsplentifulabundant
  • Use in a Sentence: The quantity of food was scarce during the war.

Word: Hardship (कठिनाई)

  • Pronunciation: hahrd-ship/हार्ड्शिप
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: severe suffering or privation (the loss or absence of a quality or attribute that is normally present)
  • Synonyms: misery, trouble, distress
  • Antonyms: affluence, benefit, blessing
  • Use in a Sentence: I am willing to face any hardship in the achievement of my success.

Word: Demonstrably (प्रमाण्य रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: dih-mon-struh-buh ly/डिमान्स्ट्रब्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: in a way that is clearly apparent or capable of being logically proved.
  • Synonyms: clearly, apparently, evidently
  • Antonyms: confidentially, secretly, quietly
  • Use in a Sentence: The conclusion drawn by you are demonstrably wrong.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Match the column.

S No. Words Synonym/Antonym 
1  Decisive  Determined
2  Demonstartably  Confidentially
3  Hardship  Blessing
4  Plethora  Shortage
5  Laudable  Admirable
6  Perceptible  Obscure

Answer in the comment section.

Make your own Sentences

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Arbitrary
  • Perceptible
  • Scarce
  • Tangible
  • Dovetail

GK Questions

Q1. What is the rank of India in Ease of Doing Business 2018?

Q2. What is the full form of JAM?

Q3. Fill the blank: Aadhaar is a ______ -digit unique identification number that can be obtained by residents of India, based on their biometric and demographic data.

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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