Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 19th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu BusinessLine’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Bite the Bullet

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Amalgamation (मिश्रण)

  • Pronunciationuh-mal-guhmey-shuh n/अमैल्गमेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action, process, or result of combining or uniting.
  • Synonyms: mixture, composite, unification
  • Antonyms: isolation, demarcation, separation
  • Use in a Sentence: The organization began as an amalgamation of small firms.

Word: Brink (कगार)

  • Pronunciation: bringk/ब्रिंगक
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a point at which something is about to happen; the verge.
  • Synonyms: border, boundary, edge
  • Antonyms: middle, center, inside
  • Use in a Sentence: Researchers are on the brink of making a new discovery.

Word: Stringent (कठोर)

  • Pronunciation: strin-juh nt/स्ट्रिन्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
  • Synonyms: harsh, rigorous, acrimonious
  • Antonyms: benign, lenient, flexible
  • Use in a Sentence: The student failed to meet the stringent selection criteria.

Word: Supersede (स्थान लेना)

  • Pronunciation: soo-per-seed/सूपर्सीड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: take the place of (a person or thing previously in authority or use); supplant.
  • Synonyms: retrieve, substitute, succeed
  • Antonyms: sustain, take in
  • Use in a Sentence: After the approval from the management, the new agreement supersedes the earlier one.

Word: Hamstring (बाधित करना)

  • Pronunciationham-string/हैम्स्ट्रिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of.
  • Synonyms: constrain, restrict, disable
  • Antonyms: strengthen, fortify
  • Use in a Sentence: The company was hamstrung due to lack of funds.

Word: Incipient (आरंभिक)

  • Pronunciation: in-sip-ee-uh nt/इन्सिपीअन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: beginning to happen or develop.
  • Synonyms: initial, primary, commencing
  • Antonyms: end, mature, developed
  • Use in a Sentence: His father is suffering from the incipient stage of Tuberculosis.

Word: Prevaricate (वाक्छल करना)

  • Pronunciation: pri-var-i-keyt/प्रिवैरकेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: speak or act in an evasive (ambiguous) way.
  • Synonyms: dodge, falsify, deceive
  • Antonyms: honest, candid, outspoken
  • Use in a Sentence: The police asked the criminal to tell exactly what happened and not to prevaricate.

Word: Imperative (आज्ञार्थक,जरूरी)

  • Pronunciation: im-peruh-tiv/इम्पेरटिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: 

         a. of vital importance; crucial. [Adjective]

         b. giving an authoritative command; peremptory. [Adjective]

         c. an essential or urgent thing. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: necessary, obligatory, requisite
  • Antonyms: nonessential, insignificant, needless
  • Use in a Sentence: In an organization, a prompt reply is imperative.

Word: Bite the bullet  (मजबूरी में स्वीकार करना)

  • Part of Speech: Phrase of bite
  • Meaning: decide to do something difficult or unpleasant that one has been putting off or hesitating over.
  • Synonyms: confront, commit, cope with
  • Antonyms: avoid, neglect
  • Use in a Sentence: Many organizations had to bite the bullet and lay off some of their employees.

Word: Head off (रुकावट डालना)

  • Pronunciation: हेड ऑफ
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal Verb
  • Meaning: to prevent something from taking place
  • Synonyms: debar, avoid, interrupt
  • Antonyms: encourage, incline
  • Use in a Sentence: It is better for you to head off his arrival.

Word: Expedite (शीघ्रता करना)

  • Pronunciation: ek-spi-dahyt/एक्स्पिडाइट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
  • Synonyms: hasten, quicken, facilitate
  • Antonyms: delay, halt, impede
  • Use in a Sentence: Please do something to expedite the work.

Word: Invoke (विनती करना, स्मरण करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-vohk/इन्वोक
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. call on (a deity or spirit) in prayer, as a witness, or for inspiration.

        b. cite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.

  • Synonyms: raise, enforce, arouse
  • Antonyms: dismiss, avoid, banish
  • Use in a Sentence: We could not help you directly but only invoke some powers we have.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

GK Questions

Q1. What is the full form of PCA?

Q2. RBI has introduced the PCA framework to regulate _____.

Q3. Where is the HQ of Allahabad Bank?

Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Bite the bullet
  • Head Off
  • Hamstring
  • Prevaricate

Match the column.

S No. Words Antonym
1  Invoke  Sustain
2  Imperative  Middle
3  Supersede  Insignificantly
4  Brink  Avoid

Match the column.

S No. Words Synonym
1  Expedite  Separation
2  Incipient  Flexible
3  Stringent  Primary
4  Amalgamation  Hasten

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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