Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 17th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu BusinessLine’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Lessons from Karnataka

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Quixotic (अवास्तविक)

  • Pronunciation: kwik-sot-ik/क्विक्साटिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: extremely idealistic; unrealistic and impractical.
  • Synonyms: visionary, dreamy, delusive
  • Antonyms: pragmatic, realistic, mundane
  • Use in a Sentence: This project is a vast, exciting, and may be quixotic.

Word: Subtle (चालाक)

  • Pronunciation: suht-l/सटल
  • Part of Speech:  Adjective
  • Meaning: making use of clever and indirect methods to achieve something.
  • Synonyms: delicate, keen, tricky
  • Antonyms: obvious, candid, overpowering
  • Use in a Sentence: Some people like the subtle friendship which does not hold personalities together.

Word: Fray ( झगड़ा)

  • Pronunciation: freɪ/फ्रै
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a situation of intense competitive activity, a battle or fight.
  • Synonyms: brawl, scuffle, quarrel
  • Antonyms: agreement, harmony, tranquility
  • Use in a Sentence: Why should we get involved in others fray?

Word: Tantalisingly (ललचाने वाले अंदाज़ में)

  • Pronunciation: tan-tl-ahy-zing-ly/टंटेलिजिंगली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: exhibiting something that provokes or arouses expectation, interest, or desire, especially that which remains unobtainable or beyond one’s reach
  • Synonyms: tormentingly, harassingly
  • Antonyms: calmingly, soothingly
  • Use in a Sentence: He tantalisingly hints at the resentment he feels towards his first wife.

Word: Showcase (प्रदर्शनअ)

  • Pronunciation: shoh-keys/शोकैस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: exhibit; display
  • Synonyms: illustrate, manifest, represent
  • Antonyms: abandon, conceal, distress
  • Use in a Sentence: The event remains an important showcase for new talent.

Word: Emotive (भावपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: ih-moh-tiv/ ईमोटिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: arousing or able to arouse intense feeling.
  • Synonyms: affectional, heart-touching, sentimental
  • Antonyms: cheerless, dreary, dismal
  • Use in a Sentence: Some people are revealed in highly emotive language.

Word: Incumbent (अवश्य, अधिकारी)

  • Pronunciation: in-kuhm-buh nt/इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: 

a. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]

b. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: necessary, compulsory, compelling
  • Antonyms: unnecessary, layman, optional
  • Use in a Sentence: It’s incumbent on parents to advise their children before they leave home.

Word: Overtones (उलट जाना)

  • Pronunciation: ओवर्टोन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a subtle or subsidiary quality, implication, or connotation.
  • Synonyms: hints, suggestions, reminders
  • Antonyms: denotarion
  • Use in a Sentence: My friend’s words were polite, but there were some overtones of distrust in his opinion.

Word: Discourse (तर्क करना, उपदेश)

  • Pronunciation: डिस्कोर्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
         a. written or spoken communication or debate. [Noun]
         b. speak or write authoritatively about a topic. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: lecture, speech, sermon
  • Antonyms: silence, quiet, ignore
  • Use in a Sentence: She was able to discourse on the problems of learning.

Word: Fiercely (उग्रतापूर्वक)

  • Pronunciation: feers-ly/फीर्स्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: in a powerful and destructive manner.
  • Synonyms: furiously, intensely, excitedly
  • Antonyms: calmly, kindheartedly, peacefully
  • Use in a Sentence: He was fiercely proud of his family traditions.

Word: Fiddle (जालसाज़ी, हेरा-फेरी करना)

  • Pronunciationfid-l/फिडल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
        a. an act of defrauding, cheating, or falsifying. [Noun]
        b. falsify (figures, data, or records), typically in order to gain money. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: swindle, meddle, cheat
  • Antonyms: wisdom, rationality
  • Use in a Sentence: Why did you let his fiddle about with the remote control?

Word: Sobering (गम्भीरता की ओर)

  • Pronunciation: soh-ber-ing/सोबरिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: making or becoming more serious, sensible, and solemn.
  • Synonyms: serious, alerting, severe
  • Antonyms: haphazard, fiery
  • Use in a Sentence: It is sobering to realize that it is not a problem.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Fray
  • Sobering
  • Discourse
  • Tantalisingly

Match the column.

S No. Words Antonym
1  Quixotic  Dismal
2  Fiddle  Cheerless
3  Overtone  Denotation
4  Emotive  Pragmatic

Match the column.

S No. Words Synonym
1  Subtle  Necessary
2  Fiercely  Illustrate
3  Incumbent  Intensely
4  Showcase  Delicate

GK Questions

Q1.Who is the chief minister of Karnataka?

Q2.Where is Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary located?

 

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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