Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 14th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Mahathir’s surprise

Important Words from the Article

Word: Embezzlement (धोखाघड़ी)

  • Pronunciation: em-bez-uh l-ment/एम्बेज़ल्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.
  • Synonyms: stealing, theft, swindle
  • Antonyms: honestly, loyalty
  • Use in a Sentence: My friends were arrested for embezzlement of organization funds.

Word: Preeminence (उत्कर्ष)

  • Pronunciation: pree-em-uh-nuh ns/प्रीएमनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the fact of surpassing all others; superiority.
  • Synonyms: excellence, superiority, supremacy
  • Antonyms: inferiority, poorness, inadequacy
  • Use in a Sentence: Her pre-eminence in her subject is recognized everywhere.

Word: Pervasive (प्रसारित हो जानेवाला)

  • Pronunciation: per-vey-siv/पर्वेसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
  • Synonyms: widespread, extensive, ubiquitoius
  • Antonyms: limited, restricted, confined
  • Use in a Sentence: The sense of social change is pervasive in their novels.

Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)

  • Pronunciation: loom/लूम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
  • Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
  • Antonyms: dispappear, diminish, remove
  • Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

Word: Salvage (क्षति से बचाना)

  • Pronunciationsal-vij/ सैल्विज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:  

         a. the act of saving anything from fire, danger, etc. [Noun]

         b. to save from shipwreck, fire, etc. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: rescue, reclaim, retreival
  • Antonyms: injure, enanger, relinquish
  • Use in a Sentence: My father fought to salvage his company’s reputation .

Word: Ousted (बेदख़ल)

  • Pronunciation: आउस्टिड/oust-ed
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.
  • Synonyms: expelled, banished, rejected
  • Antonyms: installed, restored, allowed
  • Use in a Sentence: His friend was ousted from his position as the managing diretor.

Word: Grandstanding (नुमाइशी)

  • Pronunciation: gran-stand-ing/ग्रैंस्टैंडिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: seek to attract applause or favourable attention from spectators or the media.
  • Synonyms: swagger, show-off, impress
  • Antonyms: cowardice, agitation, modesty
  • Use in a Sentence: My uncle’s initiative of opening the school is just a piece of political grandstanding.

Word: Stumbling (लड़खड़ाहट/चूक जाना)

  • Pronunciation: stuhm-buh l-ing/स्टम्बलिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 

a. losing balance while walking; moving with difficulty.

b. to make a slip, mistake, or blunder

c. making repeated mistakes, especially in speech.

  • Synonyms: faltering, tripping, hesitating
  • Antonyms: fluent, firm, articulate
  • Use in a Sentence: The sudden weakness in his legs made him stumble.

Word: Epoch (विशिष्टकाल)

  • Pronunciation: ep-uh k/ईपक
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a particular period of time in history or a person’s life.
  • Synonyms: period, course, generation
  • Antonyms: timeless, instant
  • Use in a Sentence: The queen’s demise marked the end of an epoch .

Word: Stringent (कठोर)

  • Pronunciation: strin-juh nt/स्ट्रिन्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting.
  • Synonyms: harsh, severe, acrimonious
  • Antonyms: tolerant, flexible, relaxed
  • Use in a Sentence: After an accident, stringent safety regulations were introduced

Word: Meddle (दखल देना)

  • Pronunciation: med-l/मेडल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:  interfere in something that is not one’s concern.
  • Synonyms: obtrude, hinder, interrupt
  • Antonyms: ignore, avoid, neglect
  • Use in a Sentence: She had no right to meddle in somebody’s affairs.

Word: Protégé (आश्रित)

  • Pronunciation: proh-tuh-zhey/प्रोटश़ै
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person.
  • Synonyms: follower, believer, companion
  • Antonyms: leader, mentor, antagonist
  • Use in a Sentence: That morning, Protege was given a chance to scale  up the sides.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Match the column.

S No. Words Synonym/Antonym 
1 Meddle Hinder
2 Stringent Tolerant
3 Salvage Rescue
4 Preeminence Superiority
5 Stumbling Faltering
6 Embezzlement Loyalty

Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Pervasive
  • Grandstanding
  • Ousted
  • Loom
  • Protege

GK Questions:

Q1. What is the currency and capital of Malaysia?

Q2. Who is the PM of Malaysia?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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