Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 12th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu BusinessLine’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Nothing to fear

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Devour (चाव से पढ़ना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-vou-uh r/डिवाउर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: read quickly and eagerly.
  • Synonyms: consume, destry, absorb
  • Antonyms: save, abstain, annul
  • Use in a Sentence: Our dog devours at least ten bowls of food per day.

Word: Conceded (स्वीकार करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-seed/कन्सीड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.
  • Synonyms: approved, permitted, allowed
  • Antonyms: confronted, acquired, prohibited
  • Use in a Sentence: The hockey team conceded two goals in the first three minutes of the game.

Word: Offset (बराबर कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: awf-set/ऑफ्सेट
  • Part of Speech:  Noun/Verb
  • Meaning: 
      a. a consideration or amount that diminishes or balances the effect of an opposite one. [Noun]

b. counteract (something) by having an equal and opposite force or effect. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: compensate, nullify, equalize
  • Antonyms: inactivate, sepration, conclusion
  • Use in a Sentence: The money will help offset big hospital bills.

Word: Curbs (नियंत्रण करना)

  • Pronunciation: kurb/कर्ब
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a check or restraint on something. [Noun]
    b. restrain or keep in check. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: checks, controls, inhibits
  • Antonyms: accelerate, intensify, broaden
  • Use in a Sentence: I have started to curb my hunger for food and drink.

Word: Spur (प्रेरित करना)

  • Pronunciation: spur/स्पर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive. [Noun]

    b. give an incentive or encouragement to (someone). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: urge, encourage, motivate
  • Antonyms: discourage, hindrance, obstacle
  • Use in a Sentence: On the spur of the moment, we all decided to hold a dance party.

Word: Fixated (ग्रस्त)

  • Pronunciation: फिक्सैटिड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cause (someone) to develop an obsessive attachment to someone or something.
  • Synonyms: obsessed, fanatic, disturbed
  • Antonyms: candid, equitable, unaffected
  • Use in a Sentence: My brother is fixated on things that remind her of our childhood.

Word: Unduly (अनावश्यक रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-doo-lee/अन्डूली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: to an unwarranted degree; inordinately.
  • Synonyms: excessively, extremely, exorbitantly
  • Antonyms: properly, aptly, appropriately
  • Use in a Sentence: My cousin doesn’t seem unduly concerned about his exams.

Word: Wary ( एहतियाती)

  • Pronunciation: wair-ee/वेरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
  • Synonyms: cautious, careful, vigilant, circumspect
  • Antonyms: careless, heedless, negligent
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother advseid me to be wary of strangers who offer me a ride.

Word: Congenial (सौहार्दपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-jeen-yuh l/कन्जीन्यल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. (of a person) pleasing or liked on account of having qualities or interests that are similar to one’s own.
    b. (of a thing) pleasant or agreeable because suited to one’s taste or inclination.
  • Synonyms: amiable, cordial, grateful
  • Antonyms: obnoxious, harsh, offensive
  • Use in a Sentence: My sister like to take some pleasures in more congenial surroundings.

Word: Scare-mongers (तहलका मचानेवाला)

  • Pronunciation: skair-muhng-ger/स्केमंगअर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who spreads frightening or ominous reports or rumours.
  • Synonyms: pessimists, doomsters
  • Antonyms: optimists
  • Use in a Sentence: We heard about scaremongering that a minimum wage will destroy some jobs.

Word: Mom-and-pop

  • Pronunciation: momuh n-pop
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a small-scale, owner-operated business.
  • Synonyms: business, company, enterprise
  • Use in a Sentence: This is a mom-and-pop shop.

Word: Brick-and-Mortar 

  • Pronunciation: [brik-uh n-mawr-ter]
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: pertaining to conventional stores, businesses, etc., having physical buildings and facilities
  • Synonyms: short-staffed, corporate, undermanned
  • Use in a Sentence: Some people treated their homes as sources of ready cash and as brick-and-mortar retirement plans.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences!

  • Devour
  • Congenial
  • Curbs
  • Offset
  • Conceded

Match the column.

S No. Words Antonym/Synonym
1 Scaremongers  cautious
2 Wary  Equitable
3 Unduly  optimists
4 Fixated  Discouraged
5 Spur  Excessively

GK Questions

Q1. Who is the current minister of Ministry of Commerce and Industry?

Q2. What is the ful form of FDI?

Q3. What is the FDI limit in Single Brand Retail Trading ?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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