Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 11th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu BusinessLine’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Collateral damage

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Collateral (समपार्श्व, एक ही पूर्वज का)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-lat-er-uh l/कलैटरल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning: 

        a. something pledged as security for repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in the event of a default. [Noun]

b. a person having the same ancestor as another but through a different line. [Noun]

c. additional but subordinate; secondary. [Adjective]

  • Synonyms: security, subordinate, secondary
  • Antonyms: primary, fundamental, genuine
  • Use in a Sentence: We can get collateral benefits to the newly announced scheme.

Word: Dismay (निराश करना)

  • Pronunciation: dis-mey/डिस्मै
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    concern and distress caused by something unexpected. [Noun]
    cause (someone) to feel concern and distress. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: fear, anxiety, dread, terror
  • Antonyms: delight, encourage, ease
  • Use in a Sentence: It was not possible to hide my dismay at what I had seen.

Word: Unfettered (मुक्त)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-fet-er-d/अन्फेटर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: not confined or restricted.
  • Synonyms: unbound, liberated, released
  • Antonyms: bound, strict, legal
  • Use in a Sentence: The media has evolved in a more unfettered direction.

Word: Resumption (पुनर्ग्रहण)

  • Pronunciation: ri-zuhmp-shuh n/रीज़म्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of beginning something again after a pause or interruption.
  • Synonyms: renewal, regeneration, retrieval
  • Antonyms: abolition, disappearance, abrasive
  • Use in a Sentence: The team is hoping for an early resumption of peace talks.

Word: Consign (सौंपना)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-sahyn/कन्साइन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: put someone or something in (a place) in order to be rid of it or them.
  • Synonyms: deliver, commit, authorize
  • Antonyms: hold, retain, abduct
  • Use in a Sentence: After the financial crisis, she was consigned to a life of poverty.

Word: Clout (पराक्रम)

  • Pronunciation: klout/क्लाउट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. influence or power, especially in politics or business. [Noun]

    b. hit hard [Verb]

  • Synonyms: authority, control, punch
  • Antonyms: weakness, failure
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother carries a lot of clout in her opinion.

Word: Outmanoeuvre (मात कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: out-muh-noo-ver
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: use skill and cunning to gain an advantage over.
  • Synonyms: outsmart, outwit, deceive
  • Antonyms: assist, guard
  • Use in a Sentence: The committee was outmanoeuvred both physically and mentally.

Word: Startled (भौंचक्का)

  • Pronunciation: stahr-tl/स्टार्टल्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cause to feel sudden shock or alarm.
  • Synonyms: amazed, friegtened, astouned, shocked
  • Antonyms: calm, bave, bold
  • Use in a Sentence:  It startled her to find mother sitting in my office.

Word: Precarious (अनिश्चित)

  • Pronunciation: pri-kair-ee-uh s/प्रिकेरीअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: dependent on chance; uncertain
  • Synonyms: hazardous, perilous, insecure
  • Antonyms: strong, secure, stable
  • Use in a Sentence:  This place is a precarious and unstable area.

Word: Succour (सहायता)

  • Pronunciationsuhk-er/सकर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 

a. assistance and support in times of hardship and distress. [Noun]

b. give assistance or aid to. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: support, relief, assist
  • Antonyms: harshness, agony
  • Use in a Sentence: They give succour to the victims of war.

Phrase

Wind down (रोक देना)

  • Meaning: a gradual lessening of activity, intensity, or scale as something comes to an end.
  • Synonyms: diminish, lessen, terminate
  • Antonyms: accelerate, revive, accept
  • Use in a Sentence: He ran like the wind down the stairs to escape.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Wind down
  • Precarious
  • Consign 
  • Unfettered
  • Collateral 

 

Match the column.

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1  Succour  – Assist
2  Startled  – Bold
3  Clout – Authority
4  Resumption – Abolition
5  Dismay – Anxiety
6  Consign – Failure

 

GK Facts: Static Data

Country Capital Currency
US  Washington, D.C.  Dollar
Russia  Moscow  Ruble
China  Beijing  Renminbi
Canada  Ottawa  Dollar
Mexico  Mexico City  Peso
Israel  Jerusalem  Israel New Shekel
Saudi Arabia  Riyadh  Saudi Riyal
France  Paris  Franc

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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