Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 10th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘Times of India’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Vlad the strongman

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Unleash (उन्मुक्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-leesh/अन्लीश
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: cause (a strong or violent force) to be released or become unrestrained.
  • Synonyms: release, liberate, extricate
  • Antonyms: restrain, control, inhibit
  • Use in a Sentence: The result will unleash the raging demands for her resignation.

Word: Distraught (परेशान)

  • Pronunciation: dih-strawt/डिस्ट्रॉट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: very worried and upset.
  • Synonyms: agitated, distressed, anxious
  • Antonyms: calm, pleased, tranquil
  • Use in a Sentence: My parents were terribly distraught at the news of my brother’s accident.

Word: Bout (बारी)

  • Pronunciation: bout/बाउट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a short period of intense activity of a specified kind.
  • Synonyms: spell, shift, turn, round
  • Antonyms: takeoff, exit, separate
  • Use in a Sentence:

Word: Slump (भारी गिरावट आना)

  • Pronunciation: sluhmp/स्लम्प
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 

a. a sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something. [Noun]

b. sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply. [Verb]

  • Synonyms: decline, drop, decrease
  • Antonyms: surge, rise, ascent, increase
  • Use in a Sentence: Since last few days, there’s been a slump in the demand for new cars.

Word: Enviable (ईर्ष्य)

  • Pronunciation: en-vee-uh-buh l/एन्वीअबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: arousing or likely to arouse envy (a feeling of discontented).
  • Synonyms: desirable, pleasing, wanted
  • Antonyms: disadvantaged, unfavored, awkward
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother has this enviable ability to ignore the things that are unpleasant in her life.

Word: Embrace (ग्रहण करना)

  • Pronunciation: em-breys/ इम्ब्रैस
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.
  • Synonyms: hold, embody, accept, take in
  • Antonyms: discard, reject, eliminate
  • Use in a Sentence: Some people are not willing to embrace new technologies.

Word: Oligarchy (राज्य जोकुछ ही लोगों द्वारा शासित हो)

  • Pronunciation: ol-i-gahr-kee/आलगार्की
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a small group of people having control of a country or organization.
  • Synonyms: monarchy
  • Antonyms: democracy
  • Use in a Sentence: The state is ruled by an oligarchy called the ‘ten families ‘.

Word: Stifle (दबाना)

  • Pronunciation: stahy-fuh l/स्टाइफल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: restrain (a reaction) or stop oneself acting on (an emotion), make (someone) unable to breathe properly; suffocate.
  • Synonyms: suppress, curb, inhibit
  • Antonyms: encourage, boost, accelerate
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother put her hand over her mouth to stifle a cough.

Word: Yearning (विषाद)

  • Pronunciation: yur-ning/यर्निंग
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a feeling of intense longing for something.
  • Synonyms: longing, desire, wish
  • Antonyms: apathy, displeasure, disinterest
  • Use in a Sentence: She had a deep yearning to return to his hometown.

Word: Salve (मरहम)

  • Pronunciation: sahv/साव
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. an ointment used to promote healing of the skin or as protection. [Noun]
    b. soothe (wounded pride or one’s conscience). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: relieve, alleviate, comfort
  • Antonyms: agitate, harm
  • Use in a Sentence: Our aim is to provide a salve for consumers’ fright.

Word: Woe (दुःख)

  • Pronunciation: woh/ वो
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: great sorrow or distress
  • Synonyms: misery, sadness, despair, troubles
  • Antonyms: joys, ecstasies
  • Use in a Sentence: My mother did not tell our family about her woes.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

GK Questions

Q1. Who is the President of Russia & Ukraine?

Q2. What is the capital and currency of Russia?

Q3. What is the capital and currency of Ukraine?

Make your own Sentences!

  • Unleash
  • Woe
  • Salve
  • Stifle
  • Slump

Match the column

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1 Yearning – Apathy
2 Distraught – Tranquil
3 Embrace – Accept
4 Bout – Exit
5 Enviable – Pleasing
6 Unleash – liberate

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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