Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 8th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Mahathir’s challenge: on the Malaysian general election

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Suffice (संतुष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: suh-fahys/सफाइस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: be enough or adequate.
  • Synonyms: fulfill, satisfy, be enough
  • Antonyms: disgruntle, displease, besiege
  • Use in a Sentence: One example will suffice to explain the scenario.

Word: Incumbent (अवलंबी)

  • Pronunciation: इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:

        a. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]

b. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]

  • Synonyms: obligatory, officeholder,
  • Antonyms: Aspirant, Layman, Nonessential
  • Use in a Sentence: It’s incumbent on parents to advise their children about the bad and good habits.

Word: Anxious (चिन्ताजनक)

  • Pronunciation: angk-shuh s/ऐंगक्शस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: feeling or showing worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
  • Synonyms: agitated, distressed, upset
  • Antonyms: carefree, courageous, brave
  • Use in a Sentence: You should advise your children not to be anxious about the result.

Word: Estrangement (अलगाव)

  • Pronunciation: ih-streynj-ent/ इस्ट्रैन्ज्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the fact of no longer being on friendly terms or part of a social group.
  • Synonyms: disaffection, isolation, separation
  • Antonyms: attachment, conciliation, togetherness
  • Use in a Sentence: Both the families finally came together after years of estrangement.

Word: Avert (दूर करना)

  • Pronunciationuhvurt/अवर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: to turn away or aside, to ward off; prevent
  • Synonyms: avoid, prevent, obviate, deviate
  • Antonyms: accept, attract, allow
  • Use in a Sentence: Seniors are discussing to take some major initiatives in an attempt to avert a strike.

Word: Merely (केवल)

  • Pronunciationmeer-lee/मीर्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: only as specified and nothing more; simply
  • Synonyms: only, solely, entirely, exclusively
  • Antonyms: abundantly, extremely, substantially
  • Use in a Sentence: There is no point in merely repeating the things which we’ve done before.

Word: Gerrymander (गोलमाल करना)

  • Pronunciationjer-i-man-der/जेरीमैन्डर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: to manipulate or adapt to one’s advantage
  • Synonyms: intrigue, manipulate, falsify
  • Antonyms: represent, enforce
  • Use in a Sentence: The new policy will gerrymander some employees in its favor.

Word: Reinforce (समर्थन करना)

  • Pronunciation: ree-in-fawrs/रीइन्फोर्स
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: strengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.
  • Synonyms: bolster, augment, enlarge
  • Antonyms: diminish, undermine, enervate
  • Use in a Sentence: Some organizations were moved up to reinforce the front line.

Word: Deter (डरा कर रोकना)

  • Pronunciationडिटर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
  • Synonyms: hinder, impede, inhibit, restraint
  • Antonyms: encourage, support, instigate
  • Use in a Sentence: The fear of failure must not deter you from trying again and again.

Phrase:

In the face of (के बवजूद भी/के सामने)

  • Part of Speech: Phrase of face
  • Meaning: when confronted with.
  • Synonyms: resulting from, in spite of, even with
  • Use in a Sentence: Poonam showed great tolerance in the face of pain.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

GK Questions

Q1. What is the capital and currency of Malaysia?

Q2. Who is the PM of Malaysia?

Q3. Where is the headquarter of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO)?

Make your own Sentences!

  • In the face of
  • Incumbent
  • Anxious
  • Gerrymander
  • Avert

Match the column.

In the pairs of words given below, which of the following is the Synonym – Synonym pair or Synonym – Antonym Pair?

S No. Word Pair
1 Suffice – Displease
2 Deter – Encourage
3 Reinforce – Augment
4 Merely – Abundantly
5 Estrangement – Isolation
6 Avert – Obviate

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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