Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 7th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu Businessline’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Crumbling defence

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Crumble (टुकड़े-टुकड़े करना)

  • Pronunciation: kruhm-buh l/ क्रम्बल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: disintegrate gradually over a period of time, break or fall apart into small fragment
  • Synonyms: disintegrate, collapse, fragment
  • Antonyms: improve, develop, compile
  • Use in a Sentence: The external walls of the building are begin to crumble.

Word: Breaches (अतिक्रमण, तोड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: ब्रीच
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 

        a. an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or code of conduct. [Noun]

b. make a gap in and breakthrough (a wall, barrier, or defense). [Verb]

  • Synonyms: breaks, violations, cracks
  • Antonyms: accords, vows, mends
  • Use in a Sentence: Her mother was trying to figure out the breach between the two brothers.

Word: Revelations (रहस्योद्घाटन)

  • Pronunciation: rev-uh-ley-shuh n/ रेवलैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a surprising and previously unknown fact that has been disclosed to others.
  • Synonyms: declaration, exposures, disclosures
  • Antonyms: concealments, hidings
  • Use in a Sentence: The revelation of her disgraceful past led to her resignation.

Word: Provenance (उत्पत्ति)

  • Pronunciation: prov-uh-nuh ns/प्रावनन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the beginning of something’s existence; something’s origin.
  • Synonyms: origin, beginning, rise
  • Antonyms: end, last, deceased
  • Use in a Sentence: She was completely aware of the provenance of these treasures.

Word: Alacrity (प्रफुल्लता )

  • Pronunciation: uh-lak-ri-tee/ अलैक्रिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: brisk and cheerful readiness.
  • Synonyms: willingness, enthusiasm, eagerness
  • Antonyms: reluctance, apathy, lethargy
  • Use in a Sentence: She accepted the money with alacrity and never looked back.

Word: Assertion (निश्चित वाक्य)

  • Pronunciationuhsur-shuh n/असर्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.
  • Synonyms: statement, declaration, dictum
  • Antonyms: negation, denial, uncertainty
  • Use in a Sentence: She made an assertion that she was fully responsible for the problem.

Word: Infallible (अचूक)

  • Pronunciation: in-fal-uh-buh l/इन्फैलबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: incapable of making mistakes or being wrong.
  • Synonyms: unerring, meticulous, accurate, effective
  • Antonyms: faulty, imperfect, doubtful
  • Use in a Sentence: Although Sheila was having 5 years of experience, she was not infallible.

Word: Disconcerting (परेशान कर देने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: dis-kuh n-sur-ting/डिस्कन्सर्टिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: causing one to feel unsettled.
  • Synonyms: disheartening, discouraging, disappointing
  • Antonyms: pleasing, soothing, comfortable
  • Use in a Sentence: My uncle had a disconcerting habit of smoking at public place.

Word: Egregious (कट्टर)

  • Pronunciation: ih-gree-juh s/इग्रीजस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; obviously offensive
  • Synonyms: outrageous, glaring, shocking, nefarious
  • Antonyms: approachable
  • Use in a Sentence: It was an egregious thing for a salesman to show such ignorance.

Word: Callous (कठिन)

  • Pronunciationkaluh s/कैलस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others.
  • Synonyms: heartless, insensitive, unsympathetic
  • Antonyms: kind-hearted, charitable, benevolence
  • Use in a Sentence: His behavior on that event was very callous.

Word: Malaise (अस्वस्थता)

  • Pronunciation: ma-leyz/मैलैज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
  • Synonyms: discomfort, uneasiness, distress
  • Antonyms: happiness, bliss, delight
  • Use in a Sentence: Sometimes, we can see signs of malaise in our family.

Word: Appallingly (भयंकर रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: uh-paw-ling/अपॉलिंगली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: to a horrifying or shocking degree.
  • Synonyms: Awfully, Terribly, frightfully
  • Antonyms: admirably, honorably, laudable
  • Use in a Sentence: Employee didn’t understand why his manager behaved so appallingly.

Word: Rudimentary (प्रारंभिक)

  • Pronunciation: roo-duhmen-tuh-ree/रूडमेन्टरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: involving or limited to basic principles.
  • Synonyms: undeveloped, basic, primitive
  • Antonyms: complex, developed, sophisticated
  • Use in a Sentence: In my brother’s company, they were given only rudimentary training in the job.

Phrase

In the wake of

  • Part of Speech: Phrase of wake
  • Meaning: following (someone or something), especially as a consequence.
  • Synonyms: later on, coming after, after a while
  • Antonyms: all along
  • Use in a Sentence: The security at the airport was extra tight in the wake of yesterday’s bomb blasts.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences!

  • In the wake of
  • Breaches
  • Assertion
  • Malaise
  • Rudimentary
  • Egregious

Match the column.

S No. Words Antonym/Synonym
1 Crumble Doubtful
2 Revelations Improve
3 Appalingly Lethargy
4 Callous Declaration
5 Infallible Benevolence
6 Alacrity Awfully
7 Provenance End

GK Questions

Q1. What is ‘A’ in UIDAI?

Q2. Which state has sponsored Bangaru Talli scheme for girls scholarship and cash amount?

Q3. Who is the Chief Provident Fund Commissioner?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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