Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 4th May 2018

Vocabulary plays an important role in strengthening the command over the English Language. Reading habits will help you to ace the English section as well. Also, Reading skills & Vocabulary help you to answer the questions on topics like Reading comprehension, synonym/antonym, fillers, cloze test, RC, etc.

Our series, Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym/antonym to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Rupee Rumbles

Challenging Words from the Article

Word: Rumble (गड़गड़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: ruhm-buh l/ रम्बल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 

        a. make a continuous deep, resonant sound. [Verb]

b. a street fight between gangs or large groups. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: thunders, grumbles, buzzes
  • Antonyms: silences
  • Use in a Sentence: On a rainy day, we could hear the rumble of lightning thunder.

Word: Volatility (अस्थिरता)

  • Pronunciation: vol-ti- lity/वालटिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: liability to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.
  • Synonyms: fickleness, inconstancy, variability, irregularity
  • Antonyms: steadiness, permanence, stability
  • Use in a Sentence: The volatility of the top performers can astonish you.

Word: Reminiscent (संस्मरणशील)

  • Pronunciation:rem-uh-nis-uh nt/ रेमनिसन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to remind one of something.
  • Synonyms: Remindful, Suggestive, recalling
  • Antonyms: oblivious forgetful, mindless
  • Use in a Sentence: The way she laughed was strongly reminiscent of my mother.

Word: Tapering  (कम होना)

  • Pronunciation: tey-per-ing/ टैपरिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: diminish or reduce in thickness towards one end.
  • Synonyms: narrowing, decreasing, contraction, acuminate
  • Antonyms: widening, expanding, increasing
  • Use in a Sentence: My cousin’s interest in English seems to be tapering off.

Word: Turbulence  (अशांति)

  • Pronunciation: tur-byuh-luh ns/ टर्ब्युलन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state of conflict or confusion.
  • Synonyms: disturbance, agitation, turmoil
  • Antonyms: calmness, serenity, tranquility
  • Use in a Sentence: Yesterday, I had a very smooth journey with no turbulence at all.

Word: Somnolent (निद्रालु)

  • Pronunciation: som-nuh-luh nt/ साम्नलन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: causing sleepiness, not alert
  • Synonyms: sleepy, drowsy, lethargic
  • Antonyms: awake, alert, cautious
  • Use in a Sentence: The sedatives taken during viral infection often makes me somnolent.

Word: Buttress (मज़बूत बना)

  • Pronunciation: buh-tris/ बट्रिस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.
  • Synonyms: support, bolster, strengthen
  • Antonyms: degrade, weaken, curtail
  • Use in a Sentence: It is advised to buttress the points you had mentioned in the application form.

Word: Hawkish (युद्धकारी)

  • Pronunciationhaw-kish/ हॉकिश
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: advocating an aggressive or warlike policy, especially in foreign affairs.
  • Synonyms: warlike, combative, belligerent, hostile
  • Antonyms: pacifist, peaceful, friendly
  • Use in a Sentence: The employees of the company were hawkish on the new leave policy.

Word: Akin (एक समान)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kin/ ऐकिन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:  of similar character.
  • Synonyms: alike, identical, equivalent
  • Antonyms: dissimilar, contradictory, inconsistent
  • Use in a Sentence: Listening to her life story was akin to reading a good adventurous novel.

Word: Conducive (सहयाता देनवाला)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-doo-siv/ कन्डूसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.
  • Synonyms: contributory, helpful, advantageous
  • Antonyms: hindering, adverse, malignant
  • Use in a Sentence: Sometimes, the homely environment is not conducive to do office work

Word: Detrimental (हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: de-truhmen-tl/डेट्रमेन्टल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to cause harm.
  • Synonyms: harmful, injurious, pernicious
  • Antonyms: convenient, favourable, beneficial
  • Use in a Sentence: We all know that smoking is detrimental to your health.

Word: Rally (संगठन/संभलना)

  • Pronunciationरैली
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:

        a. recover or cause to recover in health, spirits, or poise. [Verb]

b. a mass meeting of people making a political protest or showing support for a cause. [Noun]

  • Synonyms: recover, improve, summon, gather
  • Antonyms: weaken, decay, scatter
  • Use in a Sentence: The party was going to hold a rally next month to elect their new president.

Word: Adhere (दृढ़ रहना)

  • Pronunciation: ad-heer/ ऐड्हीर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: believe in and follow the practices of/stick fast to
  • Synonyms: cling, stick, cohere
  • Antonyms: separate, apart, alienate
  • Use in a Sentence: The glue is used to make one surface adhere to another.

Word: Depreciation (मूल्य का न्यून करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-pree-shee-ey-shuh n/डिप्रीशीऐशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a decrease in the value of a currency relative to other currencies.
  • Synonyms: decrease, curtailment. deduction
  • Antonyms: rise
  • Use in a Sentence: The depreciation of the rupee has shaken the Indian market.

Practice Time

Based on the above article, we have some practice questions for you. Try to answer these questions in the comments section & our team will review them at the earliest!

Make your own Sentences!

 

  • Depreciation
  • Adhere
  • Tapering
  • Volatility
  • Somnolent

Match the column

S No. Words Antonym/Synonym
1  Hawkish  Thunder
2  Turbulence  Combative
3  Rumble  Calmness
4  Akin  Inconsistent
5  Conducive  Harmful
6  Detrimental  Forgetful
7 Reminiscent Adverse

GK Questions

Q1. Match the column.

Country  Currency
Russia Dollar
Philippines Real
Brazil Peso
US Rouble

Q2. Who is the current Minister of External Affairs of India?

Q3. Who is the President of United States of America?

Answer in the comment section.

Thanks

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