Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 19th April 2018

Today’s article ‘Divided we fall: on the 15th Finance Commission’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu ’

Vocabulary plays a vital role in the English section of the competitive exams, because a number of questions, be it comprehension, cloze test or fillers etc are based on how well you understand the correct usage of the different words.  Our series, ‘Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation to proper use in sentences.

So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Divided we fall: on the 15th Finance Commission

Important Words from the Article

1. Clamour

  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    (a) a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting (कोलाहल) (noun)
    (b) shout loudly and insistently (शोर मचाना) (verb)
  • Pronunciation: क्लैमर (kla-mer)
  • Synonyms: Uproar, Commotion
  • Antonyms: Silence
  • Use in a Sentence:
    He heard her shouting above the clamour of the running motor.

2. Demographic

  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    (a) relating to the structure of populations (जनसांख्यिकीय) (adjective)
    (b) a particular sector of a population (जनसांख्यिकी संबंधी)  (noun)
  • Pronunciation: डेमोग्राफ़िक (dem·o·graph·ic)
  • Synonyms: Population
  • Use in a Sentence:
    (a) The show is now much popular with the young demographic than it was earlier. (noun)
    (b) The demographic factors played a key role in determining the economic state of the country.

3. Mandate

  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    (a) an official order or commission to do something (आज्ञा) (noun)
    (b) give (someone) authority to act in a certain way (आदेश देना)  (verb)
  • Pronunciation: मैन्डेट (man-date)
  • Synonyms: Order, Command
  • Use in a Sentence:
    (a) The committee released new mandates for the work policy of the company. (noun)
    (b) The committee mandated the construction of hospital in every area. (verb)

4. Wade

  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    (a) walk with effort through water or another liquid (पार करना) (verb)
    (b) The act of wading (noun)
  • Pronunciation: वेड
  • Synonyms: Plod, Paddle
  • Use in a Sentence:
    The cleaner waded through the hall full of used bottles & discarded pamphlets after the program. (verb)

5. Discernible

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: able to be discerned; perceptible (समझ में आने योग्य)
  • Pronunciation: डिसर्नबल
  • Synonyms: Perceivable, Observable
  • Antonyms: Indistinct, Invisible
  • Use in a Sentence:
    The increasing prices of the commodities is expected to have a discernible effect on the economy of the country.
  • Remarks: ‘Discernible’ comes from the word ‘Discern’ which is a verb and means ‘recognize or find out’.

6. Procreation

  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the production of offspring; reproduction (उत्पादन)
  • Pronunciation: प्रोक्रीऐशन (pro-cre-a-shun)
  • Synonyms: Generation, Reproduction
  • Use in a Sentence:
    The animals are good at both survival and procreation.

7. Shunning

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (कन्नी काटना)
  • Pronunciation: शनिंग
  • Synonyms: Avoiding, Dodging
  • Antonyms: Inviting
  • Use in a Sentence:
    Shunning his friends at the peak of his career was his biggest mistake.

8. Pandering

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: gratify or indulge (बढ़ावा देना)
  • Pronunciation: पैन्डरिंग
  • Synonyms: Indulging, Gratifying
  • Use in a Sentence:
    Efforts must be made to avoid the pandering done by the corrupt lobbyists by giving the politicians cash bribes.

Word of the Day: Vested

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone/ give (someone) the legal right to power, property/ clothed (अधिकार प्राप्त)
  • Pronunciation: वेस्टिड (vest-ed)
  • Synonyms: Endued
  • Use in a Sentence:
    As per the constitution of India, the executive powers are vested in the President and can be exercised through subordinate officers.

Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Biased
  • Allegation
  • Mooted
  • Envision

All the best for your exams

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