Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 14th April 2018

Today’s article ‘In CJI’s court‘ has been picked from ‘The Indian Express’

The article discusses the incident when four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court went public with their grave concerns about its functioning. The article says that now it is on CJI CJI Dipak Misra to step up to the responsibility and challenge of upholding the independence of his institution, to assert its capacity to govern itself and self-regulate.

In CJI’s court

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Prerogative   (परमाधिकार): pre-ro-gay-tive
Meaning–
 a special right, power, or privilege [Noun], arising from the prerogative of the Crown (usually delegated to the government or the judiciary) and based in common law rather than statutory law[Adjective]
Synonyms- entitlement, right, privilege, advantage, due, birthright
Example-  Since he was a senior member of the golf club, Allan had the prerogative to reject new member applications.

2)Unprecedented (adjective) (अभूतपूर्व): un-presi-den-ted
Meaning– 
previously never experienced or seen
Synonyms-  unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched, unrivalled
Antonyms – normal, common
Example-  The Internet has erased distance and given people unprecedented access to each other.
3)Presumption (noun)  (अनुमान): pre-zump-shun
Meaning–
 a belief that something is true or false without having all of the facts
Synonyms- assumption, supposition, presupposition, belief, thought
Antonyms-
disbelief, fact, knowledge
Example – 
There was a presumption that newly elected Prime Minister will rejuvenate his native village at first once he assumes the office.
 
4)Pre-eminence (noun) (श्रेष्ठता): pre-emi-nence
Meaning – the fact of surpassing all others; superiority.
Synonyms-   superiority, supremacy, greatness, excellence
Antonyms – 
insignificance, inferiority, mediocrity obscureness, obscurity
Example –
   The Oscar awards maintain its pre-eminence because of the quality of its programming.
5)Fraternity (noun) (भ्रातृत्व): fray-tur-niti
Meaning–
 a group of people sharing a common profession or interests/

friendship and mutual support within a group.

Synonyms-   band, group, set, circle, brotherhood, fellowship, kinship

Antonyms- hostility, antagonism, unfriendliness, bitterness, malevolence
Example- The Prime Minister needs the fraternity of others who share his mission.

6)Preservation (noun)  (संरक्षण): pre-zer-vay-shun
Meaning – the action of preserving something.
Synonyms-: conservation, protection, maintenance, care
Antonyms – 
dereliction, disregard, ignoring, inattention, neglect, negligence
Example –
 We are working for the preservation of the environment.
7)Unequivocal (adjective) (स्पष्ट): un-eqvi-vocal
Meaning – 
unquestionably clear/leaving no doubt;
Synonyms-  unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable, incontrovertible, indubitable, undeniable
Antonyms –  equivocal, ambiguous, vague
Example – 
Since we raised over a million dollars for our charity, we considered the fundraiser to be an unequivocal success.
8)Undue (adjective) (अनुचित): un-dew
Meaning – unwarranted or inappropriate because excessive or disproportionate.
Synonyms-   excessive, extreme, immoderate, intemperate, disproportionate, inordinate
Antonyms – 
due, appropriate, proper
Example – 
Because of undue stress, the doctor decided to take a break from working at the hospital.
9)Roster (Noun) (एक सूची या योजना जो एक संगठन में व्यक्तियों या समूहों के कर्तव्य दिखाती है): ros-tur
Meaning – 
a list or plan showing turns of duty or leave for individuals or groups in an organization
Synonyms-  
list, listing, register, schedule, agenda, calendar, roll
Example – 
Going through the roster of available workers, the HR director tried to pick the one she felt was most qualified for the job

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

9)Brush it under the carpet (Idiom) – ( अनदेखा करना)
Meaning– 
To ignore, deny, or conceal from public view or knowledge something that is embarrassing, unappealing, or damaging to one’s reputation
Synonyms- 
disregard, take no notice of, pay no attention to, pay no heed to, pass over
Antonyms-
  acknowledge, obey
Example- 
 You need to stop brushing your problems under the carpet as it will not solve them at all.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Safeguard
  • Withholding
  • Assert
  • Entrustment
  • Provoked 

Word of the Day

  • Apotheosis (Verb)  – उत्कृष्टता
  • Meaning – the highest point in the development of something/perfect example of something or the best point in one’s life or job
  • Synonyms – epitome, ideal, pinnacle, embodiment, culmination
  • Antonyms –  shame, imperfectness, flawed
  • Example (English) – I consider the apotheosis of my career to be when I received the prize from the president for my work
  • Example (Hindi) – जब मुझे अपने काम के लिए राष्ट्रपति से पुरस्कार प्राप्त हुआ, उसे मैं अपने करियर की उत्कृष्टता मानता हूं|

All the best for your exams

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