Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 13th April 2018

Today’s article ‘Far from Saral‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu Business Line’

The article sheds light  the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) which has called for individual investors to disclose the excess consideration, if any, received from the sale of unquoted shares over and above their ‘fair market value’. The article says it will complicate the lives of startup and their investors. According to the article, rising disclosure requirements in ITR forms cause unnecessary burden for taxpayers.

 Far from Saral

1)Prodigious (adjective)   (विलक्षण, अति विशाल): pro-di-jus
Meaning–
 very large in size, force, or extent; enormous
Synonyms-  enormous, huge, colossal, immense, vast, great
Antonyms-
 smallunexceptional
Example- 
She is very proud of her son who has a prodigious talent for playing the cricket.

2)Arbiter(noun) (मध्यस्थ): ar-bi-tur
Meaning– 
one who can settle a disagreement between parties
Synonyms- arbitrator, go-between, mediator, moderator, referee, adjudicator,judge
Example-  The teacher acted as an arbiter when she tried to mediate a disagreement between two students.
3)Discretionary (adjective)  (विवेकाधीन): dis-cre-shun-ri
Meaning–
 considered to be chosen or voluntary
Synonyms- optional, non-compulsory, voluntary
Antonyms-
compulsory, obligatory
Example – 
Banks have a tendency to loan money through strict methods, but individuals can make a discretionary loan to others without regard to their backgrounds.
4)Levy  (कर लगाना): levi
Meaning – 
to impose (a tax or fine) [Verb] , an act of levying a tax, fee, or fine. [Noun]
Synonyms-   impose, charge, exact, demand, raise, collect
Antonyms –
discharge, muster out
Example –
  The Presidential candidate promised to levy a tax on foreign production in an effort to stimulate American manufacturing.
5)Incumbent (adjective) (निर्भर): in-cum-bent
Meaning–
the person or group that currently has the title or position [Noun], necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility[Adjective]
Synonyms-  holder, bearer, occupant, current, existing, present
Antonyms- pastfuture
Example- The incumbent president of the company is resigning from office so a younger person can take control of the business.

6)Substantial (adjective)  (ठोस): subs-tan-cial
Meaning – referring to something that is greater or larger than normal
Synonyms-: considerable, real, material, weighty, solid, sizeable
Antonyms – 
insubstantialworthless
Example – 
Due to his strong compassion for the charity, the businessman donated a substantial amount of money to the cause.
7)Impetus (noun) (प्रेरणा, कारण): im-pi-tus
Meaning – 
a force that causes something to be done or to become more active
Synonyms-   motivation, stimulus, incitement, incentive, inducement
Antonyms – 
counterincentive, hindrance
Example – 
The high crime rate was the impetus for the hiring of one hundred new police officers in our city.
8)Tangible  (वास्तविक, स्पर्श द्वारा प्रत्यक्ष): tan-gi-bul
Meaning –
 capable of being touched (Adjective), a thing that is perceptible by touch( Noun)
Synonyms-  touchable, palpable, tactile, material, physical
Antonyms – 
intangible, impalpable, untouchable
Example – 
Although Jack had a good business plan, the bank was unwilling to give him a loan because he lacked tangible assets.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

9)Jump through hoops (Idiom) – ( कुछ पाने के लिए कई चुनौतियों को पूरा करना)
Meaning– 
To face or have to complete many challenges in pursuit of something that one wants/Do just about anything to please someone.
Synonyms-
strive, try hard, attempt, endeavour, aim, aspire
Antonyms-
 drop, give up, quit
Example- 
They had to jump through hoops to get the admission of their child into America’s prestigious school.

10)A bad apple (Phrase) – (एक व्यक्ति जिसका शब्द या क्रियाएं लोगों के पूरे समूह पर नकारात्मक प्रभाव डालती हैं)
Meaning–
person whose own words or actions negatively impacts an entire group of people
Example-  
The best way to deal with bad apples is to take them out of the group as quickly as possible.

11)Fret Over (phrasal verb) – ( चिन्ता प्रकट करना, चिड़चिड़ाना, खीजना)
Meaning–
  to worry about someone or something.
Synonyms- agonize, bother, brood, carp, chafe
Antonyms- 
be happy, ignore, not worry, please, delight, appease, calm, pacify, placate,soothe
Example-  
 The result is not going to decide your life so you need not fret over it.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Consistent
  • Prescribing
  • Compliance
  • Assessments
  • Disclose

Word of the Day

  • Satiate  (Verb)  –  तृप्त करना
  • Meaning – fill to satisfaction
  • Synonyms – sate, satisfy, glut, quench, gorge
  • Antonyms – deprive, insatiate, bereave, starve
  • Example (English) – Amitabh Bachchan feels that satiating his creativity as an artist is more important than money.
  • Example (Hindi) – अमिताभ बच्चन मानते   है कि एक कलाकार के रूप में अपनी रचनात्मकता को तृप्त करना पैसे से अधिक महत्वपूर्ण है।

 

All the best for your exams

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