Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 12th April 2018

Today’s article ‘A fresh deadline: on framing Cauvery scheme‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article sheds light on Supreme Court’s final verdict regarding the Cauvery dispute. The article says that a viable Cauvery scheme must be revised soon to stop disruptive protests.

A fresh deadline: on framing Cauvery scheme

1)Reluctance (noun)   (अनिच्छा): re-luc-tance
Meaning–
 unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Synonyms-  unwillingness, disinclination, hesitation, diffidence, timidity, timorousness, trepidation
Antonyms-
 willingness, eagerness
Example-
Ministers have shown extreme reluctance to explain their points to the media.

2)Assuage (verb) (शांत करना): as-u-age
Meaning–
to provide relief; causing to feel better
Synonyms- alleviate, mitigate/reduce, relieve.
Antonyms –
 aggravate
Example- 
In an effort to assuage angry customers, the store issued everyone a full refund.
3)Irrational (adjective)  (तर्कहीन): ir-ray-shun-al
Meaning–
 devoid of reason, not logical or reasonable.
Synonyms- unreasonable, illogical, groundless, baseless, unfounded, unjustifiable
Antonyms-
rational, logical
Example – 
Arachnophobia is known as an irrational fear of spiders.
4)Soar (verb) (ऊंची उड़ान भरना): so-r
Meaning –
 to rise high, increase rapidly above the usual level
Synonyms-  escalate, surge, mount
Antonyms –
plummet, plunge, drop, dive
Example –
 The number of unemployment filings began to soar after the company layoffs began.
5)Binding   (अनिवार्य): bind-ing
Meaning–
(of an agreement or promise) involving an obligation that cannot be broken.[Adjective].
A strong covering holding the pages of a book together.[Noun]
Synonyms- irrevocable, unalterable, mandatory/compulsory.
Antonyms- reversible, temporary
Example- The parties agreed to settle the dispute through binding arbitration.

6)Admonish (verb)  (धिक्कारना): ad-mon-ish
Meaning – to scold; to warn strongly
Synonyms-: reprimand, rebuke, scold, reprove, upbraid
Antonyms –
praise, commend, applaud
Example – 
The teacher would admonish students for repeatedly forgetting the lines.
7)Bonafides (noun) (नेकनीयती): bona-fydes
Meaning – 
a person’s honesty and sincerity of intention/documentary evidence showing that a person is what they claim to be; credentials.
Synonyms-  authentic, genuine, real, true, actual, sterling
Antonyms – 
fake, bogus
Example – 
To make sure you are a bona fide buyer, the real estate agent will check your credit before allowing you to view the house.
8)Disquiet (adjective) (बेचैनी): dis-qua-it
Meaning –
 a feeling of worry and anxiety
Synonyms- unease, uneasiness, worry, anxiety, anxiousness, distress, concern
Antonyms –
calm, cool, tranquil
Example – 
The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

9)Set off (phrasal verb) – (चल पड़ना)
Meaning–
  to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction/ to cause something to operate, especially by accident/ to make something explode
Synonyms- start, begin, initiate
Antonyms-
finish, end, stop
Example-  
The President’s envoy set off on another diplomatic trip.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Considerations
  • Dispute
  • Ambiguity
  • Disruptive
  • Sentiments

Word of the Day

  • Vanquish  (Verb)  –  हराना
  • Meaning – to defeat an enemy or opponent
  • Synonyms – defeat, crush, rout, trounce, outdo
  • Antonyms –  lose, surrender, fail, forfeit
  • Example (English) – Indian men’s hockey team vanquished Malaysia in the 21st Commonwealth Games and made it to the semi-finals.
  • Example (Hindi) – भारतीय पुरुष हॉकी टीम ने 21वें राष्ट्रमंडल खेलों में मलेशिया को हराकर सेमीफाइनल में जगह बना ली।

All the best for your exams

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