Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 10th April 2018

Today’s article ‘For smoother resolution‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu Business Line’

The article talks about the tussles that are going on under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). The article says that the Insolvency Committee has addressed many contentious issues which are afflicting resolution process and the report is a commendable effort to address key issues but there are other issues as well which need review.

 For smoother resolution

1)Litigious (adjective(विवादी): liti-gi-us
Meaning –
 tending or too ready to take legal action to settle disputes.
Synonyms-: belligerent, combative, contentious, argumentative, disputable
Antonyms – 
 unargumentative, noncontentious, noncompetitive. uncontroversial
Example – 
Indeed, we have created for ourselves a litigious society that does not hesitate to run to the courts for every little irritation.

2)Scrimmage (धक्का मुक्की): eskri-mage
Meaning –
 a confused struggle or fight(Noun) , engage in a scrimmage (Verb)
Synonyms-:   fight, battle, struggle, tussle, brawl,
Antonyms –
   peace, truce
Example –
 The two players got into a scrimmage off the court and got suspended.
3)Tussle (विवाद): tu-sal
Meaning –
 a vigorous struggle or scuffle, typically in order to obtain or achieve something (Noun) / engage in a vigorous struggle or scuffle (Verb)
Synonyms-:   scuffle, fight, struggle, skirmish, brawl
Antonyms – 
 truce
Example – 
We are engaged in a legal tussle with a large pharmaceutical company.
4)Errant (adjective) (भटकनेवाला): er-ant
Meaning – 
erring or straying from the accepted course or standards/travelling in search of adventure.
Synonyms-:  offending, guilty, culpable, misbehaving, delinquent, lawless
Antonyms – 
innocent, well behaved
Example –
The errant workers have been known to take a two-hour lunch break.
5)Gamut (noun)   (विस्तार): gae-mut
Meaning –
 the complete range or scope of something.
Synonyms-:   range, spectrum, span, sweep, compass, scope
Example – During the open discussion, a gamut of opinions flowed around the classroom.
6)Dispensation (noun)   (छूट): dis-pen-sa-shun
Meaning – 
exemption from a rule or usual requirement/a political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time.
Synonyms-:   exemption, immunity, exception, exclusion, exoneration
Antonyms –  
disfavor, whole, denial, veto
Example – 
Because the soldier had saved his entire unit, the president gave him dispensation for his wartime crimes.
7)Preclude (verb(होने से रोकना): pre-clude
Meaning –
 prevent from happening; make impossible.
Synonyms-:  prevent, rule out, put a stop to, stop, prohibit, debar, interdict
Antonyms –
abet, aid, assist
Example – 
Even though Jane has a disability, she never allows it to preclude her from living a full and happy life.
8) Snowball  (बढ़ना): snow-ball
Meaning – 
increase rapidly in size, intensity, or importance(verb)/a ball of packed snow, especially one made for throwing at other people for fun(noun)
Synonyms-: 
escalate, heighten, intensify, multiply, proliferate, swell.
Antonyms –  
decrease, lessen, lower,weaken
Example –
All this publicity has had a snowball effect on the sales of their latest album.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

 9)Clear the air (Phrase) ( संदेह दूर करना)
Meaning- 
To discuss or otherwise confront a troublesome issue, usually with the goal of alleviating tension or confusion/To remove doubt from a situation/To remove or improve stale air or an unpleasant odor.
Synonyms-: clarify, decipher, define, elucidate, explain
Antonyms –
complicate, confuse, mixup
Example –  
Once we cleared the air, we found that it had just been a simple misunderstanding.

9)In line with (Phrase) ( के समान)
Meaning – 
similar to someone or something
Synonyms-: 
similar, like, comparable
Antonyms – 
dissimilar, different, contrast
Example –
 The costs of the products were very much in line with what we expected.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Debarr
  • Laudable
  • Robust
  • Insolvency
  • Thwart

 

Word of the Day

  • Perseverant  (Adjective)  –  धैर्यवान
  • Meaning –  (of an emotion or quality) gradually decrease
  • Synonyms – resolute, indefatigable, tenacious, steady
  • Antonyms – irresolute, surrendering. unreliable
  • Example (English) – Perseverant Mirabai Chanu, Sanjita Chanu and Gururaja won gold and silver medals respectively for India in CWG 2018.
  • Example (Hindi) – सीडब्ल्यूजी 2018 में भारत के लिए धैर्यवान मिराबाई चानू, संजीता चानू और गुरुराज ने क्रमशः स्वर्ण और रजत पदक जीते।

All the best for your exams

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