Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 9th April 2018

Today’s article ‘Unhealthy stalemate: No public interest was served this budget session‘ has been picked from ‘Times of India’

This article sheds light on the budget session of Parliament which has set a dubious record with just 25-35% productivity, among the worst figures in a decade. According to the article, no public interest was served in this budget session.

Unhealthy stalemate: No public interest was served this budget session

1)Laxity (noun)   (ढील): lax-ity
Meaning –
 lack of strictness or care/the state of being relaxed, easy-going, or not very strict
Synonyms-: negligence, neglect, omission, indiscretion, slackness, inattention.
Antonyms – 
vigilance, caution, attention, alacrity, heed
Example – 
The prevalent laxity toward examination caused Raman to fail.

2)Din (verb)   (शोर): din
Meaning –
 a loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise [Noun]
make a loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise, make (someone) learn or remember an idea by constant repetition[Verb]
Synonyms-:  uproar, commotion, cacophony, babel, hubbub, tumult, instil
Antonyms –
   silence, quiet
Example –
 They made so much din that I couldn’t hear you.

3)Unassailable (verb)   (अभेद्य): un-assl-able
Meaning –
 unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated/safe from being overtaken
Synonyms-:  impregnable, invulnerable, impenetrable, inviolable, invincible, unconquerable
Antonyms – 
 assailable, defenceless
Example – 
When the runner looked back and did not see anyone in the distance, he knew he had an unassailable lead in the race.

4)Stalemate (verb)   (गतिरोध): stale-ment
Meaning –
 a situation in which movement is not possible by either side/
Synonyms-:  deadlock, impasse, standstill, dead end, stand-off, draw, tie
Antonyms – 
headway, progress
Example – 
A stalemate was reached when neither of the chess players could make a legitimate move.

5)Adjournment (verb)   (स्थगन): ad-jurn-ment
Meaning –
 an act or period of postponing or cancelling (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later/go somewhere for rest or refreshment.
Synonyms-:  suspension, breaking off, discontinuation, interruption, postponement, rescheduling, deferment
Antonyms –  
continuation, persistence, beginning, commencement, continuance
Example – 
The court’s adjournment means that a decision will not be reached until December at the earliest.

6)Dubious (verb)   (संदिग्ध): du-bi-us
Meaning –
 causing doubt, hesitating or doubting/not to be relied upon; suspect.
Synonyms-:  doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant
Antonyms –  
certain, definite, trustworthy, decisive
Example – 
The elder brother warned her sister about dubious emails.

7)Retrospective (verb)   (पूर्वप्रभावी, पुनरावलोकन): retro-es-pek-tiv
Meaning –
 relating to things that occurred previously, looking back on or dealing with past events or situations.
Synonyms-: Backdated, retroactive, ex-post facto, backward-looking
Antonyms – 
Prospective, future
Example – 
Sometimes we need to look back and take a retrospective view of our lives in order to determine our futures.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

8) Pipe down (verb)   (शांत हो जाना):
Meaning –
 to become quiet; to cease making noise; to shut up/
Synonyms-: Stop talking, be quiet, be silent, hush
Antonyms –  
speak out, speak up, talk up
Example –
The teacher commanded the students to pipe down.

9)Delve into (verb)   (में तल्लीन):
Meaning –
to examine or study something thoroughly and carefully
Synonyms-: ponder, explore, check, scrutinize
Antonyms – 
forget, ignore, neglect
Example – 
He was considered a great employee because he would delve into every task given to him.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Phenomenal
  • Disrupt
  • Preceding
  • Resemble
  • Fury

Now considering the article as a Reading Comprehension, try to answer the following questions –

  1. Why did the author say that the passing of key budget legislation was followed by phenomenal laxity?
  2. What serves to insulate political parties?

Word of the Day

  • Ebb  (Verb)  –  घटना
  • Meaning –  (of an emotion or quality) gradually decrease
  • Synonyms – diminish, dwindle, wane, lessen, decrease, weaken
  • Antonyms – increase, surge, rise
  • Example (English) –The Wall Street Journal said that evidence suggests market demand for H-1B visas is ebbing.
  • Example (Hindi) – वाल स्ट्रीट जर्नल ने कहा कि प्रमाण बताते हैं कि एच्-1बी वीजा की मांग बाज़ार में घट रही है।

All the best for your exams

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