Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 5th April 2018

Today’s article ‘Back on track: On GST e-way bill system‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

The article discusses roll out of the e-way bill system for tracking the movement of goods under the Goods and Services Tax net from April 1. According to the article as the GST e-way bill system is scaled up, the authorities must remain flexible.

Back on track: On GST e-way bill system

1)Conversant (adjective) (जानकार, प्रवीण): con-var-sant
Meaning –
 to be familiar with or have inside knowledge about the facts of something
familiar with, acquainted with, au fait with, at home with
Antonyms –   
unfamiliar with, ignorant of
Example – 
Because the terms and conditions of the loan are so important, our banker insisted that we become conversant with them.

2)Nuance (noun)  (अति सूक्ष्म अंतर) : nu-ance
Meaning – 
a subtle distinction or variation in shade of meaning, expression, or sound.
Synonyms-: fine distinction, subtle distinction, difference, shade, shading
Antonyms – 
coarse, inexact, rough
Example – 
In order to learn about the birds, the scientists have to keep track of every nuance which makes the birds different from one another.

3)Inordinately (adverb)   (अत्यधिकता) : in-ordi-nate
Meaning – 
to an unusually or disproportionately large degree; excessively.
Synonyms-:  excessively, immoderate, intemperate, unreasonably, unjustifiably, excessively
Antonyms – 
  acceptably, moderately, modestly, reasonably, temperately
Example –  
She is inordinately fond of her pets.

4)Glitch (noun)   (गड़बड़) : gli-ch
Meaning –
a sudden, usually temporary malfunction or fault of equipment [Noun], suffer a sudden malfunction or fault [Verb]
Synonyms-: bug, defect, problem, difficulty, complication.
Antonyms –
Example –  
The manager was frustrated by a glitch that shut down the drive-through intercom system in the middle of lunch.

5)Bounty (noun)   (इनाम, प्रचुरता) : boun-ti
Meaning – 
an abundance, a sum paid by the state to encourage trade.
Synonyms-:  benefaction,  generosity, magnanimity, munificence
Antonyms – 
 miserliness, niggardliness, close-fistedness, parsimony
Example – 
A bounty of qualified, enthusiastic candidates vied for the company’s newest management position.

6)Dip (verb)   (कमी) : dip
Meaning – 
(of a level or amount) become lower or smaller, typically temporarily.
decrease, fall, go down, drop, fall off, drop off, decline
Antonyms –   move up/upwards, come/go up, make one’s/its way up, arise, ascend
Example – 
The president’s popularity has dipped after he found supporting the rival country.

7)Evasion (adjective)   (टालना) : eva-zun
Meaning –
the action of escaping or avoiding (someone or something), especially by guile or trickery.
Synonyms-:  avoidance, dodging, eluding, elusion, sidestepping
Antonyms – 
   confrontation, directness
Example – 
They came up with an evasion of the law to keep all the land for themselves.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –

8)In the pipeline (phrase)   (होने वाला) :
Meaning – 
in the process of being planned or developed.
Synonyms-: on the way, in preparation, being prepared, in production, under way, coming
Example – The company has three new models in the pipeline.

9)Hold up (phrasal verb)  (मजबूत रहना) :
– remain strong or vigorous/ to hold something in a high position, so that it can be seen/to support someone or something so that they do not fall down
Synonyms-: maintain, withstand, stabilize, resist
Antonyms – 
  give in, surrender, yield
Example – 
 Virat Kohli held up well in the match even after his father’s death.

10)Keep one’s fingers crossed (phrase) (अच्छे  परिणाम की आशा करना  ) : 
 to wish for luck for someone or something, sometimes by actually crossing one’s fingers; to hope for a good outcome for someone or something.
Synonyms-: anticipate, assume, believe, cherish, count on, expect
Antonyms – 
  abandon, disbelieve, distrust, doubt
Example – 
 I’m crossing my fingers that I get the first rank in the competition.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
  • Tracking
  • Execution
  • Heartening
  • Deficiencies
  • Going forward

Word of the Day

  • Spellbound  (Adjective)  –  मंत्रमुग्ध
  • Meaning – hold the complete attention of (someone) as though by magic; fascinate
  • Synonyms – fascinated, charmed, enchanted, enraptured, captivated, bewitched
  • Antonyms – disinterested, disenchanted, bored, inattentive
  • Example (English) – Everyone in Kolkata is spellbound by the festive look of the city itself.
  • Example (Hindi) – कोलकाता में सभी लोग शहर के उत्सवी रूप से मंत्रमुग्ध है।

All the best for your exams


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