Today’s article ‘Air India privatisation: High hopes?‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article discusses the privatization of Airline Air India. According to the article, the centre could add a few more changes to make Air India tempting for investors as investors will look for the finer details to ascertain the Air India’s true worth.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Bugbear (noun) (डरावना) : bug-bear
Meaning – a cause of obsessive fear, anxiety, or irritation.
Synonyms- : hate, bane, irritant, irritation, dislike, anathema
Antonyms – delight, joy, pleasure
Example – Inflation is the government’s main bugbear.
2)Offload (verb) (बोझ उतार लेना) : off-load
Meaning – rid oneself of (something) by selling or passing it on to someone else/relieve oneself of (a problem or worry) by talking to someone else/unload (a cargo).
Synonyms- : transfer, shift, jettison
Example – It would be nice to have been able to offload your worries on to someone”
3)Lucrative (adjective) (लाभप्रद) : lew-cray-tive
Meaning – producing a great deal of profit.
Synonyms- : profitable, profit-making, gainful, remunerative, moneymaking
Antonyms – unprofitable
Example –Stand-up comedy is becoming a lucrative career day by day.
4)Unveil (verb) (खोलना) : un-veil
Meaning – show or announce publicly for the first time/remove a veil or covering from, in particular uncover (a new monument or work of art) as part of a public ceremony.
Synonyms- : reveal, present, disclose, divulge
Antonyms – camouflage, disguise, becloud
Example – The Home Secretary has unveiled plans to crack down on crime.
5)Cumulative (adjective) (संचयी) : q-mu-lay-tive
Meaning – increasing or increased in quantity, degree, or force by successive additions.
Synonyms- : increasing, accumulative, accumulating, growing, progressive
Antonyms – subtractive
Example – The cumulative effect of two years of drought has made the condition of this city pathetic.
6)Enthuse (verb) (अति उत्साहित करना) : en-thuse
Meaning – express eager enjoyment, interest, or approval regarding something/make (someone) interested and eagerly appreciative.
Synonyms-: exite, arouse, moivate, inspire, stimulate
Example – I want my colleagues to continue to enthuse about the job and teach effectively.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article
7)Whittle down (phrasal verb) (धीरे – धीरे कम करना) :
Meaning – to reduce the number of people or things, or the size of something
Synonyms- : reduce, cut down, decrease.
Antonyms – increase, lengthen
Example – The list of 50 candidates was finally whittled down to four.
8)Set the ball rolling (phrase) (शुरुआत करना) :
Meaning – To set something, often a process, in motion; to begin
Synonyms- : make a start, set at ease,
Antonyms – hinder, obstruct
Example – I think it will be easier to become comfortable driving now that I’ve set the ball rolling with driving lessons.
9)Pin one’s hopes on (phrase) (उम्मीद करना) :
Meaning – rely heavily on.
Synonyms- : rely on, count on, depend on, place reliance on
Example – He pinned his hopes on being rescued soon.
Meaning – as a general idea or plan, although the details are not yet established.
Synonyms- : in general, on balance, generally, in essence, b
Example – The government agreed in principle to a peace plan that included a ceasefire.
Word of the Day
- Exasperate (Verb) – क्रोध दिलाना
- Meaning – irritate intensely; infuriate.
- Synonyms – infuriate, incense, anger, annoy, irritate, madden, enrage
- Antonyms – please, delight, pleasing, delightful
- Example (English) – When the passenger got to know the airline had lost his luggage, he became exasperated and screamed at the counter attendant.
- Example (Hindi) – जब यात्री को पता चला कि एयरलाइन ने अपना सामान खो दिया है, तो इस बात ने उसे क्रोध दिला दिया हो गया और काउंटर सेवक पर चिल्लाया।
All the best for your exams