Today’s article ‘Cities need wisdom for water‘ has been picked from ‘Down to Earth’
This article is about the water conflicts going on in Bengaluru and Cape Town.The article says that be it any town, the cities need to create a new future that is water-secureand we need to be water-wise.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Overturn(verb) (उलट देना , के विरुद्ध निर्णय देना) : over-turn
Meaning – abolish, invalidate, or reverse (a previous system, decision, situation, etc./tip (something) over so that it is on its side or upside down.
Synonyms- : cancel, reverse, rescind, repeal, revoke
Antonyms – allow, accept
Example –It would be nearly impossible for them to overturn such a majority in one election.
2)Prudently (Adverb) (विवेकपूर्ण ढंग से) : pru-dent-li
Meaning – in a way that shows care and thought for the future.
Synonyms- : wisely, judiciously, sagaciously, shrewdly
Antonyms – unwisely, imprudently, incautiously, extravagantly
Example –As there is water crisis, we must act prudently to save the water.
3)Double whammy(Noun) (दोहरा झटका) : da-ble-vay-mi
Meaning – a twofold blow or setback.
Synonyms- : blow, bad luck, calamity, curse, bane
Antonyms – benefit, advantage, blessing
Example – With the cold weather and the high cost of heating fuel, homeowners were hit with a double whammy this winter.
4)Uphold(Verb) (समर्थन करना , पुष्टि करना) : up-hold
Meaning – confirm or support (something which has been questioned)/maintain (a custom or practice).
Synonyms- : confirm, endorse, sustain, validate, ratify, verify
Antonyms – overturn, oppose, abandon
Example – After thinking about it for several hours, the judge decided to uphold the first judge’s decision and send the inmate back to jail.
5)Handout (Noun)(लाभ, (वित्तीय) समर्थन): hand-out
Meaning – a quantity of financial or other material aid given to a person or organisation.
Synonyms – aid, benefit, (financial) support.
Antonyms – Impediment, hurt
Example –The family wasn’t interested in government handouts.
6)Existential (Adjective)(अस्तित्व): ex-is-ten-tial
Meaning –something relating or dealing with existence
Antonyms – Speculative, theoretic
Example –Perhaps the most existential question is “what is the meaning of life?”
7) Fiery (Adjective) (उग्र): fier-y
Meaning – having a passionate and quick-tempered nature , consisting of fire or burning strongly and brightly
Synonyms – strong, powerful; ardent, fervent.
Antonyms – Cool, impassive, peaceful
Example – She was a fiery, brilliant and unyielding intellectual and politician.
8) Inadvertently (Adverb) ( अनजाने में): in-ad-vert-ent-ly
Meaning –without intention of doing so
Synonyms – accidentally, unintentionally; mistakenly
Antonyms – Knowingly, advertently, consciously
Example – I inadvertently pressed the wrong button and it resulted in loss of my article.
9)Viability (Noun)( व्यवहार्यता,बड़ी जीवन-शक्ति ): vaye–bil-i-tee
Meaning – the ability to survive successfully.
Synonyms – Resilience, Vitality, endurance
Antonyms – Impracticality, unfeasibility
Example: She is very negative about the long-term viability of the project.
Meaning – give or bequeath an income or property to (a person or institution)/provide with a quality, ability, or asset.
Synonyms- : provide, supply, furnish, equip, invest, give
Antonyms– dispossess, divest, strip deplete, drain, exhaust
Example –The billionaire will endow the school of nursing with a huge donation.
Word of the Day
- Furore (Noun) – उत्तेजना, उमंग ,फितूर
- Meaning –great emotion (either positive or negative) shown by a crowd of people/a wave of enthusiastic admiration; a craze.
- Synonyms – commotion, uproar, outcry, disturbance, hubbub, hurly-burly, fuss, upset, tumult
- Antonyms – calm, hush, peace, quiet, quietude, rest, stillness, tranquillity
- Example (English) –Furore from the protestors outside could be heard from the president and the remaining workers inside the company.
- Example (Hindi) – बाहर प्रदर्शनकारियों की उत्तेजना को राष्ट्रपति और बाकी कार्यकर्ताओं द्वारा कंपनी के अंदर से सुना जा सकता है
All the best for your exams