Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 31st March 2018

Today’s article ‘Testing exam: restoring trust in the CBSE exam process‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 This article discusses the leak of (Central Board of Secondary Education) CBSE’s annual examination question papers on Economics for Class 12 and Mathematics for Class 10. The article says that the leak of the papers has given a thousands of students frustation becuase their best shot at these papers has gone in vain hence the HRD Ministry must try hard to restore trust in the CBSE exam process.

Testing exam: restoring trust in the CBSE exam process

1)Strenuous (adjective)   (ज़ोरदार, जटिल) : es-tren-ous
Meaning – 
requiring or using great effort or exertion.
Synonyms- :  arduous, difficult, hard, tough, taxing, demanding
Antonyms – 
   easy, effortless, half-hearted, feeble
Example – 
In order to be in the military, one must be prepared for strenuous activity.

2)Scramble  (संघर्ष) : es-cram-bal
Meaning – Noun –  
 an eager or uncontrolled and undignified struggle with others to obtain or achieve something/a disordered mixture of things.
 Verb – move hurriedly or clumsily from or into a particular place or position/struggle or compete with others for something in an eager or uncontrolled and undignified wa
Synonyms- :  struggle, hurry, rush, race, scurry
Antonyms – 
  unscramble
Example – 
When the manager retired, there was a scramble for his job.

3)Vulnerable (adjective)   (भेद्य) : vul-nar-able
Meaning – 
exposed or in a position that cannot be completely defended
Synonyms- :   endangered, unsafe, unprotected unguarded
Antonyms – 
  well protected, invulnerable, resilient
Example – 
Because little kids have weak immune systems, they are very vulnerable to illness.

4)Breach (verb)   (उल्लंघन) : breech
Meaning –   
a violation of an agreement, law, or code of ethics or conduct
Synonyms- : contravention, violation
Antonyms – 
  noninfringement, observance
Example –  
According to the teacher-district contract, teachers who tutor their own students for money commit a breach of conduct.

5)Distort (verb)  (बिगाड़ना, विकृत करना) : dis-tort
Meaning – 
to bring something out of shape or to misrepresent
Synonyms- :  misrepresent, pervert, twist, falsify, misreport
Antonyms – 
  accurate, correct, precise, exact, right,
Example – 
In order to not be recognized, the prank caller used technology to distort his voice.

6)Fallout (noun)  (विवाद,किसी स्थिति या कार्रवाई के प्रतिकूल परिणाम) : fall-out
Meaning –   
the adverse results of a situation or action.
Synonyms- :  outgrowth,consequence, offshoot, repercussion, result, after-effect, side effect
Antonyms – 
  cause, origin, source
Example –
He’s prepared to take calculated risks regardless of political fallout.

7)Inviolability (noun)  (अनुल्लंघनीयता) : in-via-libil-ti
Meaning – 
 never to be broken, infringed, ignored or dishonoured/prohibiting violation; secure from destruction, violence, infringement, or desecration
Synonyms- :  
inviolate, sacred, sacrosanct
Antonyms
  profane, appropriable, transferrable
Example – 
Her parents made it clear that the rules of curfew follow inviolability.

Idioms & Phrases in the article 

8)Come to naught (phrase)  (पूरी तरह से असफल) : 
Meaning –   
To be totally unsuccessful or amount to nothing
Synonyms-: fruitless, fail, in vain
Antonyms – 
  succeedthrive, fruitful
Example –   
All those hours spent researching my graduate thesis have come to naught.

9)Pull out all the stops (phrase)   (कुछ हासिल करने के लिए एक बहुत ही काबिलेतारीफ प्रयास) : 
Meaning –   
make a very great effort to achieve something.
Synonyms- :  try hard, strive, endeavour
Antonyms – 
  drop, give up, quit
Example –
The whole team pulled out all the stops to meet the deadline of the project.

10)Get at (phrasal verb)   (तक पहुँचने में सफल होना) : 
Meaning –   
to manage to reach or touch something/ to try to suggest something without saying it directly/to discover the true facts about something
Synonyms- : : access, gain access to, get to, reach, touch
Antonyms – 
  exclusion, egress, dismissal
Example – 
I keep the sweets up here where the children can’t get at them.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Credible
  • Restore
  • Denial
  • Alleviate
  • Circulate

Word of the Day

  • Concurrence  (Noun)  –  सहमति
  • Meaning – agreement or consistency
  • Synonyms – agreement, Concord, consent, accord, acceptance
  • Antonyms –  difference, dissent, objection
  • Example (English) -In a rare moment of concurrence, PM Modi and Congress came together to bid farewell to retiring Rajya Sabha MPs.
  • Example (Hindi) – सहमति के एक दुर्लभ क्षण में, राज्यसभा से सेवा निवृत्त होने वाले सांसदों को विदाई देने के लिए प्रधानमंत्री मोदी और कांग्रेस एक साथ आए।

All the best for your exams

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