Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 29th March 2018

Today’s article ‘Scuff and buff: on the ball-tampering controversy‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article sheds light on the recently happened ball tempering controversy. The article says that ‘a gentleman’s game cricket is a sport but it is a code of honor as well.

Scuff and buff: on the ball-tampering controversy

1)Innocuous (noun)  (अहानिकर) : ino-q-us
Meaning –  
not harmful or offensive
Synonyms- : harmless, safe, non-dangerous, non-poisonous, non-toxic
Antonyms- 
  harmful, obnoxious
Example –
Although Sarah meant her joke to be innocuous, the people around her took it to heart.

2)Nefarious (adjective)(कुटिल) : ney-fer-e-us
Meaning –  
very evil and wicked
Synonyms- abominable, atrocious, base, criminal, depraved
Antonyms- 
   honest, honorable, praiseworthy, upright, virtuous
Example – 
One man employed his nefarious scheme to hack into people’s computers and steal bank account information.

3)Despicable (adjective) (नीच, घृणित, घिनौना) : des-pik-bal
Meaning –  
worthy of intense dislike
Synonyms- contemptible, loathsome, hateful, detestable, reprehensible
Antonyms- 
 admirable, noble
Example – 
After Rachel exhibited despicable behavior at her sister’s wedding, she was banned from future events.

4)Fracas (noun)  (कोलाहल) : fra-cas
Meaning –  
a noisy disagreement or commotions
Synonyms- 
disturbance, quarrel, scuffle, brawl, affray, tussle
Antonyms- 
 agreement, calm, harmony
Example – 
The husband and wife were fined by the judge for starting a fracas in court.

5)Premeditated (adjective) (पूर्वचिन्तित, सोचा-समझा) : pre-medi-ta-ted
Meaning –  
think out or plan (an action, especially a crime) beforehand.
Synonyms- preplanned, intentional, intended, deliberate
Antonyms- 
 accidental, unintentional, spontaneous
Example – 
The killer admitted his premeditated plan to kill the president had taken over a year to develop.

6)Murky (adjective)  (संदिग्ध) : mur-ki
Meaning – 
obscure or morally questionable/ dark and gloomy, especially due to thick mist.
Synonyms- questionable, suspicious, suspect, dubious, dark, mysterious, secret
Antonyms- 
 clear, pure, sinless, innocent
Example – 
People avoid talking about depression because it is such a murky subject.

 7)Infamy (noun) (बदनामी) : in-fami
Meaning –
the state of being well known for some bad quality or deed.
Synonyms- notoriety, disrepute, disreputableness, ill repute, ill fame
Antonyms- 
honour, anonymity, virtue
Example – 
While one sister is recognized as being nice and polite, the other sister lives in infamy for her selfish and cruel ways.

8)Accomplice (noun)  (सहभागी) : des-pik-able
Meaning –  
a person who helps another commit a crime
Synonyms- abetter, accessory, a partner in crime, associate, confederate, collaborator
Antonyms- 
 antagonist,enemy,opponent
Example – 
Because the accomplice was willing to testify against his criminal cohorts, he received immunity from prosecution.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –

9)Spur of the moment (phrase) (तत्काल) :
Meaning –  
on impulse; without planning in advance.
Synonyms- impulsively, impetuously, without planning, unpremeditatedly, impromptu, spontaneously
Antonyms- 
prepared, rehearsed
Example – 
You should not generally do things on the spur of the moment.

10)Slap on the wrist (phrase)  (हल्का दण्ड, चेतावनी) :
Meaning –  
a mild reprimand or punishment.
Synonyms- reprimand, rebuke, reproof, scolding, admonition
Antonyms- 
 severe punishment
Example – 
The few perpetrators prosecuted only got a slap on the wrist.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Grudging
  • Complicity
  • Spur
  • Acceptance
  • Overwhelm

Word of the Day

  • Breach  (Verb)  –  तोड़ना
  • Meaning – break or fail to observe (a law, agreement, or code of conduct)
  • Synonyms – break, contravene, violate, defy, disobey, flout
  • Antonyms – fulfil, observance, keep
  • Example (English) – Facebook apologized for ‘breach of trust’ in newspaper ads.
  • Example (Hindi) – फेसबुक ने अखबार के विज्ञापनों में ‘भरोसा तोड़ने के लिए’ माफी मांगी।

All the best for your exams

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