Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 24th March 2018

Today’s article ‘CA, Facebook & you‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article sheds light on the controversial issue of the data analytics firm, Cambridge Analytica which harvested the data of 50 million Facebook users and used that information to feed strategies for Donald Trump’s presidential campaign. The article says that this controversy is a wake-up call to press ahead with a robust data protection law.

CA, Facebook & you

1)Prickly (adjective) ( काँटेदार): prik-li
Meaning –
sharp to the touch, usually pointed
Synonyms- problematic, awkward, tricky/sensitive.
Antonyms- 
 affable, easy-going
Example – 
Her mother told her to be careful of the prickly thorns on the rose.

2)Scrape (verb)   (इकट्ठा, एकत्र करना): es-crape
Meaning – 
collect or accumulate something with difficulty/drag or pull a hard or sharp implement across
Synonyms-  accumulate, collect, amass, gather.
Antonyms-   
distribute, squander, disperse
Example – 
 They could hardly scrape up enough money for one ticket, let alone two.

3)Potent (adjective) –  (प्रबल): po-tent
Meaning – 
very strong in a chemical or medicinal way
Synonyms-   powerful, strong, effective.
Antonyms-   
 weak, impotent, powerless, ineffective
Example – 
When the dashing actor entered a room, his potent charm caused everyone to look in his direction.

4)Tailor (verb)  (समायोजित): tay-lur
Meaning –  
make or adapt for a particular purpose or person/(of a tailor) make (clothes) to fit individual customers(Verb)/a person whose occupation is making fitted clothes such as suits, trousers, and jackets to fit individual customers.(Noun)
Synonyms- customize, adapt, adjust, modify, change, convert, alter
Antonyms- 
 disarrange, dislocate, disorder
Example –
Treatment is tailored to the needs of each patient in this world-class hospital.

5)Sway (verb)   (बोलबाला): sway
Meaning – 
control or dominion
Synonyms-  control, influence, affect/persuade.
Antonyms- 
 inability, powerlessness, inefficiency
Example – 
The CEO of a company holds sway over all of his employees.

6)Corrosive (adjective)   (संक्षारक ): corro-siv
Meaning – 
having the ability to wear down or destroy
Synonyms – destructive, damaging, harmful.
Antonyms – gentle, kind, fortifying, supporting
Example –  
We must fight the corrosive effect of discrimination.

 7)Propaganda (noun)   (अधिप्रचार): pro-pay-ganda
Meaning – 
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view/exaggerated or untruthful claims used to help raise support for an effort
Synonyms-  information, promotion, advertising, advertisement, publicity, advocacy
Antonyms- 
truth, reality, actual
Example – 
During election season, politicians often try and beat their rivals by airing propaganda on television.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –

8)Set off (phrasal verb) (चल पड़ना ): 
Meaning –
  to cause something to operate, especially by accident/ to cause a situation or a series of events to happen, especially without intending to/ to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction
Synonyms-  cause, prompt, trigger, catalyze, bring about
Antonyms-
  deter, restrain
Example –  Jeff pushed open the front door, which set off the alarm.

9)Press ahead (phrasal verb)  (मुश्किल होने के बावजूद एक निश्चित तरीके से कुछ करना जारी रखना): 
Meaning –
to start or continue doing something in a determined way, although it is difficult
Synonyms- 
 continue, go on, follow through
Antonyms- 
 stopdiscontinueabandonsporadic
Example – 
They pressed ahead regardless of objections.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Wake up call
  • Potentially
  • Comprehensive
  • Mandate
  • Robust

Word of the Day

  • Contour  (Noun)  –  रूपरेखा
  • Meaning – an outline representing or bounding the shape or form of something
  • Synonyms –  outline, shape, form, silhouette
  • Example (English) – The contour of “Modicare” health insurance scheme got cabinet nod.
  • Example (Hindi) – “मोदीकेयर” स्वास्थ्य बीमा योजना की रूपरेखा को कैबिनेट की मंजूरी मिली।

 

All the best for your exams

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