Today’s article ‘Maharashtra Kisan rally: A model protest‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article sheds light on the effortful six-day march of nearly 200 km from Nashik to Mumbai by thousands of farmers, with the aim to gherao the Maharashtra Assembly and sensitise the government to their problems. The article says that choosing this method without disrupting the lives of other citizens and refraining from aggressive sloganeering was remarkable as well as heart winning and their issues must be addressed everywhere.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1) Gruelling (adjective) ( थकानेवाला): gru-ling
Meaning – extremely tiring and demanding.
Synonyms- exhausting, tiring, fatiguing, wearying, enervating, taxing, draining
Antonyms- easy, effortless, facile, light, soft, undemanding
Example – The Prime Minister is having a gruelling schedule these days.
2) Emissary (noun)( दूत): emesary
Meaning – a person sent as a diplomatic representative on a special mission.
Synonyms- envoy, ambassador, diplomat, delegate
Example – Since the president is too ill to attend the conference, he is sending the vice-president as his emissary.
3)Distress(adjective) ( संकट): dis-tress
Meaning – extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.
Synonyms- anguish, suffering, pain, agony, ache
Antonyms- happiness, comfort
Example – Citizens voiced their distress over delays in fixing the problem.
4) Caveat (noun) ( चेतावनी): kav-at
Meaning – a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.
Synonyms- warning, caution, admonition, monition, red flag
Antonyms- carelessness, consonance, delinquency
Example – The caveat of the contract includes a penalty fee if the loan is not repaid on time.
5) Unflustered (adjective) ( शांत और आत्म-नियंत्रित): un-flus-tur-d
Meaning – not agitated; calm and self-controlled.
Synonyms- placid, unconcerned, unperturbed, unruffled, composed
Antonyms- anxious, disturbed
Example – The contented mind and unruffled spirit is the main reason behind her success in every task.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –
6) Pitch in (phrasal verb) – ( अन्य लोगो के साथ शामिल होकर सहायता करना) :
Meaning – to join vigorously with other people in doing a job
Synonyms – help, assist, contribute, do one’s bit, chip in, cooperate, collaborate
Antonyms – Hinder, impede, inhibit
Example – If we all pitch in, we can finish today.
7) Hearts and minds (भावनात्मक और बौद्धिक समर्थन या प्रतिबद्धता के संदर्भ में) :
Meaning – used in reference to emotional and intellectual support or commitment.
Example – The movie is critically acclaimed, but it remains to be seen whether it will capture the hearts and minds of the moviegoing public.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
Word of the Day
- Abruptly (Adverb) – अचानक ही
- Meaning – suddenly and unexpectedly
- Synonyms – suddenly, unexpectedly, hastily, quickly
- Antonyms – slowly, gradually
- Example (English) –TV show Savdhaan India is ending abruptly.
- Example (Hindi) – टीवी शो सावधान इंडिया अचानक ही समाप्त हो रहा है।
All the best for your exams