Today’s article ‘Not by fear alone: on GST e-way billing‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
The article discusses the e-way bill which is required for inter-State movement of goods above the value of ₹50,000 from 1st April. The article says firm timelines and simplification will be the key to success of e-way bill system proposed by the GST (goods and services tax) Council chaired by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1) Foil (verb) ( विफल करना): faw-el
Meaning – prevent (something considered wrong or undesirable) from succeeding.
Synonyms- thwart, frustrate, counter, oppose, baulk, disappoint, impede
Antonyms- assist, help, abet, aid
Example – A brave policewoman foiled the armed robbery.
2) Abort (verb) ( निरस्त करना): ab-ort
Meaning – to cause something to stop or fail before it begins or before it is complete
Synonyms- terminate, end, halt, stop
Antonyms- continue, complete, succeed
Example – We had no option but to abort the mission.
3)Edgy (adjective) ( असहज, नुकीला): egi
Meaning –tense, nervous, or irritable.
Synonyms- tense, nervous, on edge, highly strung
Antonyms- calm, still, tranquil, quiet, serene, peaceful,
Example – After the plane continued to shake uncontrollably, the passengers began to get edgy for fear of the plane crashing.
4) Defer (verb) ( टालना): de-fer
Meaning – put off (an action or event) to a later time; postpone.
Synonyms- postpone, put off, adjourn, delay
Antonyms- act, deal (with), decide (upon), do, work (on)
Example –We agreed to defer a discussion of the issue until we had more information.
5) Chink (noun) ( दरार): chink
Meaning – a narrow opening, typically one that admits light.
Synonyms- opening, gap, space, hole, aperture, break
Antonyms- closing, closure
Example – The police watched them secretly, through a chink in the wall.
6) Render (verb) ( प्रस्तुत करना): ren-der
Meaning – provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
Synonyms- give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute
Antonyms- hold, keep, take, conceal
Example – The rescue personnel will be here momentarily to render aid to the victims.
7) Roll out (noun) ( आधिकारिक लॉन्च): roll-out
Meaning – to make a new product, service, or system available for the first time
Synonyms-arise, get up, rise, turn out, uprise
Antonyms- bed (down), retire, turn in
Example – The company plans to roll out the scheme across Europe in the coming months.
Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article –
8)In the making (phrase) (विकास या बनने की प्रक्रिया में):
Meaning – in the process of developing or being made.
Synonyms – budding, burgeoning, coming, emergent, growing, developing, nascent
Antonyms – completed, finished, polished
Example – She’s the best actress in the school, so I think she’s a Bollywood star in the making.
9)Make a pitch (phrase) (एक अनुबंध या अन्य व्यवसाय प्राप्त करने के लिए बोली ):
Meaning – make a bid to obtain a contract or other business.
Synonyms – try to obtain, try to acquire, try to get, bid for, make a bid for
Example – The company is making a pitch at a £200 million market.
10)On board (phrase) (साथ काम करना):
Meaning – Employed or working with
Example – We have a new engineer on board who specializes in repairing these kinds of computers.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
Word of the Day
- Evince (Verb) – प्रकट करना
- Meaning – to make something obvious or show something clearly
- Synonyms –reveal, show, manifest, indicate, display, exhibit, demonstrate
- Antonyms – conceal, camouflage, misrepresent
- Example (English) –The French President has evinced keen interest in the exquisite inlay work of the Taj Mahal.
- Example (Hindi) – फ्रांसीसी राष्ट्रपति ने ताजमहल के उत्कृष्ट कलमकारी काम में गहरी दिलचस्पी प्रकट की।
All the best for your exams