Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 12th March 2018

Today’s article ‘Sri Lanka must act firmly on anti-Muslim violence‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 The article talks about the sudden increase in violence targeting Muslims in Sri Lanka. The article says Sri Lanka’s government must decisively and impartially put down anti-Muslim violence.

Sri Lanka must act firmly on anti-Muslim violence

1)Precarious (adjective)  (अनिश्चित):  pre-car-ius
Meaning – 
unstable, dangerous or difficult
Synonyms –   uncertain, insecure, unreliable, unsure, unpredictable,
Antonyms – 
safe, secure
Example – 
Vijay Mallya is in a precarious financial situation, owing thousands of dollars.

2)Incendiary (adjective) (आग लगानेवाला):  in-cen-di-ary
Meaning –
tending to stir up conflict.

Synonyms –    inflammatory, rabble-rousing, provocative, seditious, subversive
Antonyms – 
conciliatoryplacatory, appeasing, pacifying, Pacific
Example – 
If the reporter didn’t mean to cause such an uproar among the public, he shouldn’t have written such an incendiary article about the city leaders.

3)Protract (adjective) (फैलना):  pro-tract
Meaning –  
to prolong in time or space
Synonyms –  prolong,stretch, extend
Antonyms – 
shorten, abbreviate
Example – 
To protract his presentation, the collegiate sought more material and examples for his speech.

4)Spurt(adverb)  (उछाल):  es-purt
Meaning –
an unexpected short surge of activity, development or effort
Synonyms –   sprint, rush, burst
Antonyms – 
calm, doldrums, slump
Example – 
With a spurt of energy, the runner was able to cross over the finish line.

5)Intimidation (noun)  (धमकी): inti-mi-day-shun
Meaning –
the act of making something feel threatened or afraid
Synonyms –  frightening, menacing, terrifying, scaring, alarming.
Antonyms – 
cheer, comfort, console, reassure, solace, soothe
Example – 
The senior used intimidation to get the juniors to do what he wanted.

6)Disquiet (noun)  (बेचैनी):  dis-ke
Meaning –
a feeling of worry and anxiety
Synonyms –    perturb, agitate, upset, disturb, unnerve
Antonyms – 
composure, coolness, calm
Example – 
The novel is a tense thriller that will disquiet the reader.

Idioms/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the article  –

8)Get away with (phrasal verb) (बच निकलना):
Meaning –
escape blame, punishment, or undesirable consequences for (an act that is wrong or mistaken).
Synonyms –   escape blame for, escape punishment for
Antonyms – 
be captured, be imprisoned
Example –
f he thinks he can get away with committing such crime, he’s very much mistaken”

10)Wade in (phrasal verb)  (उतरना,घुस जाना):
Meaning –
to get quickly and directly involved in something/to walk into an area covered by water
Synonyms –   
dive in , move in, plunge in
Example – 
Don’t just wade into things without thinking enough about the consequences.

11)Cast a shadow over (phrase)  (खराब करना, निराश करना):
Meaning –
to make a situation seem less hopeful and more likely to end badly
Synonyms –    
spoil, diminish, disappoint, let down, discourage
Antonyms –
 improve, enhance
Example – 
Last night’s killings cast a dark shadow over the peace talks.

9)On the ground (phrase) (वास्तिवक स्थान पर):
-in a place where real, practical work is done/ in the place being discussed, especially a place where there is a war or another serious situation
Synonyms –
bastion, battlefield, beachhead
Example – We will be monitoring the situation on the ground.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Invoke
  • Bolster
  • Impartial
  • Firmly
  • Integral

Word of the Day

  • Mogul  (Noun)  –  बादशाह
  • Meaning – an important person who is very rich or powerful
  • Synonyms – magnate, tycoon, king, baron, czar
  • Antonyms – poor
  • Example (English) –Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos has become the first $100 billion mogul to top Forbes’ annual rankings of the world’s richest people.
  • Example (Hindi) –  अमेज़ॅन के सीईओ जेफ बेज़ोस फोर्ब्स की दुनिया के सबसे अमीर लोगों की वार्षिक रैंकिंग में पहले 100 अरब डॉलर वाले बादशाह बन गए हैं।

All the best for your exams


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