Today’s article ‘Oestrogen armies: How the world will be a better place when its war rooms are run by women‘ has been picked from ‘The Times of India’
This article discusses the growing presence of women in Army, Airforce and Navy.The article takes the reference of Avani Chaturvedi who has become the first Indian woman to fly a fighter aircraft, first full-time woman defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman and says that Nari shakti is constantly protecting loved ones.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Gory(adjective) (रक्तमय): gor-e
Meaning – involving or showing violence and bloodshed.
Synonyms – grisly, gruesome, violent, bloodthirsty, bloody, brutal, savage
Antonyms – charming, uplifting
Example –The teenagers should not watch movies that feature gory violence.
2)Topple (adjective) (गिर पड़ना): taw-pal
Meaning – overbalance or cause to overbalance and fall/remove (a government or person in authority) from power; overthrow.
Synonyms – overthrow, oust, depose, unseat, overturn
Antonyms – establish, hold, increase ,rise ,support
Example – It is the high time to take some serious and effective steps to topple the orthodoxy of the society.
3)Brawn(adjective) (मांसपेशी): braw-n
Meaning – physical strength in contrast to intelligence/muscular power or strength
Synonyms – burly, husky, tough, powerful,
Antonyms – weakness, puniness
Example – A commando’s work required as much brain as brawn.
4)Synergetic(adjective) (सहयोग): sin-er-jet-ik
Meaning – to work together, cooperate/Involving the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.
Synonyms – agreeing, coacting, coadjuvant, collaborating, harmonious, combined
Antonyms – hindrance, hurt, injury, antagonism, disagreement, discord
Example –The country aims to develop a highly synergetic global management platform’
Meaning – to cause someone or something to be in a particular state/to provide or give (a service, help, etc.)
Synonyms – make,cause,reason
Example – New technology has rendered my old computer obsolete.
6)Indoctrinate(adjective) (राज़ी करना): in-dok-truh-neyt
Meaning –to convince people to believe a certain idea or concept/ teach (a person or group) to accept a set of beliefs uncritically
Synonyms – brainwash, propagandize, proselytize, inculcate, re-educate, persuade, convince,
Antonyms – unlearn, dissuade, neglect
Example –A teacher’s job is not to indoctrinate his students but rather to teach them how to discover their own knowledge.
7)Transformative (adjective) (परिवर्तनकारी): trans-for-mative
Meaning – causing a marked change in someone or something.
Synonyms – reframing, revolutionary, breakthrough
Antonyms – uneventful, ordinary, common
Example – The transformative power of technology is making our lives easier than before.
Meaning – imitate (someone or their actions or words), especially in order to entertain or ridicule/imitative of something.
Synonyms – apish, canned, emulative, formulaic, imitative, mimetic, slavish, unoriginal
Antonyms – authentic, bona fide, legitimate, true genuine, natural, real
Example –imitate, copy, impersonate, mock
9)Obsolete (adjective) (अप्रचलित): obso-lete
Meaning –no longer produced or used; out of date.
Synonyms – outdated, outmoded, old-fashioned
Antonyms – contemporary, current, modern, new, up to date
Example – If you look inside of most classrooms, you will not see chalkboards because they are nearly obsolete in education today.
10)Maniac(adjective) (पागल): mey-nee-ak
Meaning – a person exhibiting extremely wild or violent behaviour.
Synonyms – lunatic, psychopath, psychotic
Antonyms – carper, critic, nonadmirer, detractor
Example – A maniac driver speed 35 miles along the wrong side of a motorway at 110 mph.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
Word of the Day
- Stupendous (Adjective) – उत्कृष्ट
- Meaning – extremely impressive
- Synonyms – amazing, astounding, astonishing, extraordinary, remarkable, wonderful
- Antonyms – ordinary, common, normal
- Example (English) – NRAI said that India showed stupendous performance in ISSF World Cup 2018 by winning 2 gold medals.
- Example (Hindi) – एनआरएआई ने कहा कि भारत ने आईएसएसएफ विश्व कप 2018 में दो स्वर्ण पदक जीतकर उत्कृष्ट प्रदर्शन दिखाया।
All the best for your exams