Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 06th March 2018

Today’s article ‘Fear of forfeiture: on the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill’ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

This article sheds light on the proposed law by the Union Government to the seize the wealth of the billionaire fraudsters who flee India and cause a great loss to Indian Banking System as well as disrespect Indian Judiciary System.The article says that it is undoubtedly a welcome measure but it is still unclear whether the threat of confiscation of property will encourage fugitives to return to their country.

Fear of forfeiture: on the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill

1)Fugitive (adjective) (भगोड़ा): (fu-ji-tive)
Meaning – 
 an individual who is fleeing incarceration or a threatening situation/
quick to disappear; fleeting
Synonyms – transient, transitory, ephemeral, evanescent
Antonyms – permanent, long-lasting

Example –
The fugitive hoped he could cross the border before the police caught up with him.

2)Forfeiture (noun)  ( ज़ब्ती): for-fe-chur
Meaning – 
 
the loss or giving up of something as a penalty for wrongdoing/giving up (a property or a right as a result of violating legality).
Synonyms – confiscation, sequestration, loss, losing, denial
Antonyms – retain, keep, maintain

Example – 
Failure to meet repayments leads automatically to forfeiture of the lease.

3)Confiscation (noun) ( अधिहरण): con-fis-cay-shun
Meaning – 
 
the action of taking or seizing someone’s property with authority; seizure.
Synonyms – seizure, impounding, commandeering, requisition
Antonyms – return,deliver

Example – 
According to school policy, the principal has the authority to confiscate suspicious items from students.

4)Enshrine (verb) ( प्रतिष्ठापित करना): en-shra-in
Meaning – 
 
preserve (a right, tradition, or idea) in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected.
Synonyms –  embody, manifest, incorporate,  preserve, treasure, protect
Antonyms – condemn, desecrate, defile, disrespect

Example – 
 A lot of memories are enshrined in this photo album.

5)Recoup (verb) ( संभलना): re-cup
Meaning – 
 
regain (something lost or expended)/to earn back
Synonyms – get back, regain, recover, win back, retrieve, repossess, redeem
Antonyms – lose, mislay, misplace

Example – 
The airlines are adding a fuel surcharge to ticket prices in an effort to recoup their deficits caused by increased fuel prices.

6)Impunity (noun) ( दण्ड मुक्ति): im-pew-nity
Meaning – 
 
exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
Synonyms – immunity, indemnity, exemption
Antonyms –  liability, responsibility

Example – 
Despite the heinous nature of the crimes they committed, the old men received impunity from the court because of their ages.

7)Ratify (verb)  ( पुष्टि करना): rati-fy
Meaning – 
 
sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
Synonyms – accredit, approve, authorize, clear, confirm
Antonyms – ban, enjoin, forbid, illegalize, interdict, prohibit

Example – 
The shareholders will ratify any merger that will increase their dividends.

 Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –

  • Apparent
  • Proceed
  • Offenders
  • Threat
  • Framework

Word of the Day

  • Uncanny  (Adjective)  –  विलक्षण
  • Meaning – strange or mysterious; difficult or impossible to explain
  • Synonyms – weird, strange, extraordinary, unusual
  • Antonyms – natural, common, ordinary
  • Example (English) – There is an uncanny similarity in the way Shubman Gill and Virat Kohli play their shots.
  • Example (Hindi) –  शुभमन गिल और विराट कोहली के शॉट्स खेलने के तरीके में एक विलक्षण समानता है।

 

All the best for your exams

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