Today’s article ‘GDP growth in October-December period was 7.2 %‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article sheds light on GDP growth in the third quarter of the financial year 2017-18.which came in at 7.2%.According to official data released,this is the fastest in the entire financial year so far.The article says that the government also marginally increased its estimate for the full year’s growth to 6.6% from its earlier estimate of 6.5%.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Profligacy (noun) ( भ्रष्टाचार,अय्याशी): pro-fli-gay-ci
Meaning – reckless extravagance or wastefulness in the use of resources/ wildly extravagance/shamelessly immoral
Synonyms – recklessness, profusion, exorbitance, harlotry, lecherousness
Antonyms – economical,frugality,lack
Example – During the prime minister’s campaign, he swore to put an end to fiscal profligacy.
2)Buoyant (adjective) ( प्रसन्नचित्त,प्रगतिशील): bo-yant
Meaning – joyful, optimistic and self-assured/ (of an economy, business, or market) involving or engaged in a much successful trade or activity
Synonyms – booming, strong, vigorous, burgeoning, thriving, growing
Antonyms – depressed,down,deteriorate
Example –Car sales are buoyant as the Price has been decreased in the new budget.
3)Leeway (noun) ( छूट,स्वतंत्रता): li-way
Meaning – the amount of freedom or flexibility to move or act that is available.
Synonyms – freedom, liberty, licence
Antonyms – constraint, restriction
Example –I have no leeway to suggest anything to my father.
4)Undergird (verb) ( लौटा): under-gird
Meaning – provide support or a firm basis for.
Synonyms – bolster,hold,reinforce,uphold,base
Antonyms – undermine, weaken, contradict
Example –Faith undergirds moral principles.
5)Pare (verb) – ( छाँटना,कम करना): pah-re
Meaning – reduce (something) in size, extent, or quantity in a number of small successive stages/trim (something) by cutting away its outer edges.
Synonyms – cut down,decrease,lowe,prune,reduce,slash
Antonyms – expand, grow, increase, raise
Example –Union leaders publicly pared down their demands when the state government paid no attention to them.
6)Laggard (noun) ( सुस्त): la-guard
Meaning – moving or proceeding at less than the normal, desirable, or required speed
Synonyms – dawdler, straggler, idler, delayer, sluggard
Antonyms – expeditious, prompt, ready accelerated, hastened, quickened
Example – Because Jenna is always the last one to arrive in the class, she is considered the laggard of our class.
7)Beset (verb) ( घेर लेना): be-set
Meaning – be covered or studded with/(of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently/
Synonyms – Perplex,surround, encircle,storm,enclose,invade
Antonyms – surrender,aid,assist,release,loose
Example –The country is beset by severe economic problems.
Idioms and Phrases
8)On the face of it (phrase) ( ऊपर-ऊपर से,पहली नज़र में,प्रत्यक्षतः):
Meaning – without knowing all of the relevant facts; apparently.
Synonyms – ostensibly, superficially, apparently, seemingly, evidently, outwardly
Antonyms – improbably, unlikely, dubiously
Example – Things seem to be improving on the face of it, but there is still a huge problem with crime in the inner city.
9)Out of the woods (phrase) – ( कठिनाइयों से बाहर):
Meaning – Out of difficulties, danger or trouble/past a critical phase
Synonyms – intact,protect,secure
Antonyms –insecure, in danger, unprotected
Example – When the patient got out of the woods, everyone relaxed.
10)Bear in mind (phrase) – ( ध्यान में रखना):
Meaning – To remember, think about, or consider someone or something (in regard to something else)/To remember and consider something when making a decision or before taking action
Synonyms –think about, consider, include, take into account, be mindful, remember
Antonyms – ignore,exclude,neglect
Example – Before you ask for a raise, bear in mind that the company isn’t doing well financially right now.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us –
Word of the Day
- Enigmatic (Adjective) – रहस्यमय
- Meaning – difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious
- Synonyms – perplexing, mysterious, cryptic, baffling
- Antonyms – straightforward, clear, comprehensible
- Example (English) – Nawazuddin Siddiqui will play the role of an enigmatic author Saadat Hasan Manto in his next film.
- Example (Hindi) – नवाजुद्दीन सिद्दीकी अपनी अगली फिल्म में एक रहस्यमय लेखक सआदत हसन मंटो की भूमिका निभाएंगे।
All the best for your exams