Today’s article ‘Virtue of reticence: on Bipin Rawat’s comment about illegal immigration in Northeast‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article goes into detail on IndianArmy chief General Bipin Rawat’s comments about an “inversion in demographics” and a “planned migration” from Bangladesh into the Northeast.The article says that such comments by Army Chief are unusual by any standards as Bipin Rawat always refrained from political subjects in their public comments. The article says that he Army chief must exercise restraint and keep away from political statements in future.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Reticence (noun) (अल्पभाषिता): reti-sense
Meaning – not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings, wanting to avoid communication /to keep one’s thoughts, feelings, and personal affairs to oneself.
Synonyms – reserve, introversion, restraint, inhibition, diffidence, shyness, modesty
Example – The students who like reticence and do not express their opinions and ideas in class discussions, rarely make progress.
2)Rejoinder (noun) (प्रत्युत्तर): re-join-dar
Meaning-a reply, especially a sharp or witty one.
Synonyms -: answer, reply, response, retort, riposte, counter, sally
Antonyms- inquiry, query, question
Example –She always has a witty rejoinder to any question.
3)Strife (noun) (कलह): es-trife
Meaning – angry or bitter disagreement over fundamental issues/struggle or conflict
Synonyms – conflict, friction, discord, disagreement, dissension
Antonyms– harmony, peace, cooperation
Example – When the political strife ended, the two parties were able to reach an agreement on the legislative bill.
4)Insurgency (noun) (विद्रोह): in-surge-ency
Meaning – an active revolt or uprising/an occasion when a group of people attempt to take control of their country/state by force
Synonyms – insurrection, mutiny, outbreak, rebellion, revolt
Antonyms– counterinsurgency, counterrevolution
Example –In Kashmir, grappling with insurgency appears to be the daily assignment with no end in sight.
5)Evoke (verb) (पुकारना): e-voke
Meaning –bring or recall (a feeling, memory, or image) to the conscious mind.
Synonyms – invoke, bring forth, elicit, induce, stir up, awaken, arouse
Antonyms– disregard, forget, ignore, neglect
Example –The sight of the village evoked pleasant memories of his childhood.
6)Stray (verb) (भटकना ): es-tray
Meaning – to move around/move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place/get off the subject
Synonyms – go astray, drift, digress, deviate
Antonyms– orderly, organized, regular, systematic
Example – Bored in class, Raman’s eyes began to stray and wander around the room.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
7)Go on (phrasal verb) (जारी रखना ):
Meaning – to continue happening or doing something as before
Synonyms – continue, proceed
Example – Things will go on like this way if the company does not take any effective steps.
8)Call upon (phrasal verb) (अपील करना ):
Meaning – To choose, request, obligate, order, or demand someone to do something
Synonyms – ask, urge, address, call, demand
Example – Yesterday the president called upon world leaders everywhere to promote open and fair trade between countries.
9)Keep out (phrasal verb) (दूर रहना/दूर रखना ):
Meaning – to prevent someone or something from entering a place
Synonyms – exclude, ban, prohibit, deny, disallow
Antonyms– accept, admit, approve
Example – The teacher is in an angry mood, so keep out of her way.
10)Off-the-cuff (phrase) (तुरत-फुरत /तैयारी के बिना):
Meaning – without preparation.
Synonyms – impromptu, extempore
Antonyms– deliberate, planned
Example – I hadn’t prepared a speech so I just said a few words off the cuff.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.
Word of the Day
- Tumble (Verb) – गिरना
- Meaning – fall rapidly in amount or value
- Synonyms – plummet, plunge, dive, slump, slide, fall, decrease, decline
- Antonyms – rise, increase
- Example (English) –EPF interest rates tumbled again from 8.65% to 8.55%.
- Example (Hindi) – ईपीएफ की ब्याज दरें 8.65% से 8.55% तक फिर से गिरी।
All the best for your exams