Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 22nd February 2018

Today’s article ‘Old friends: on India-Iran bilateral ties‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 This article discuss about  recent visit of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to India.In this visit , President of Iran and Narendra Modi signed agreements and memorandums of understanding on a wide variety of issues.The article says that the visit of Hassan Rouhani was quite good and India must maintain a steady course on its strategic interests with Iran.

Old friends: on India-Iran bilateral ties

1)Deliberation (noun)  (विवेचना):   deli-bur-ashun
Meaning – 
long and careful consideration or discussion,a thorough consideration
Synonyms –
thought, thinking, consideration, reflection, contemplation
Antonyms
-haste,carelessness,disregard
Example – 
After hours of deliberation, the council came to a decision.

2)Overture (noun)  (प्रस्ताव):   over-chur
Meaning – 
an approach or proposal made to someone with the aim of opening negotiations or establishing a relationship.
Synonyms – move, approach, signal,proposal.
Antonyms – finish,ending,epilogue
Example – 
The government has made a significant peace overture by opening the door to negotiation.

3)Repatriate (verb)   (अपने देश को लौट आना):   re-pat-ri-ate
Meaning – 
send (someone) back to their own country/send (money) back to one’s own country.
Synonyms – extradite,return,give back,deport
Antonyms –
expatriate,
Example – 
Because the traveler did not have all of his proper documents, the customs officer had no choice but to repatriate him back to his home country.

4)Implication (noun) –  ( निहितार्थ ,तात्पर्य, आशय):   impli-ca-shuns
Meaning – 
an idea or belief that is suggested from something else
Synonyms – ramification, repercussion,indiction,guess
Antonyms –
proof,reality,truth
Example – 
Riya’s hiding of her report card gave her mother the implication she had failed at least one of her tests.

5)Substantive (adjective)  (मूल,अर्थपूर्ण):   subs-tan-tive
Meaning – 
associated with issues of key importance/having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.
Synonyms –  important ,meaningful, considerable, significant
Antonyms
-inconsequential, inconsiderable, insignificant, insubstantial, negligible, nominal
Example –
At next week’s meeting, the city council will vote on a substantive issue affecting the entire town.

6)Red carpet (noun)   (स्वागत):   read-car-pet
Meaning – 
used in reference to privileged treatment of a distinguished visitor/ a greeting or reception marked by ceremonial courtesy
Synonyms – greeting, welcoming, warm reception,cordial
Antonyms –
common,general
Example –
T
he group gets red-carpet treatment in most places”

7)Slash (verb)   (कम करना,छोटा करना):   slash
Meaning –
to reduce or cut  something
Synonyms – 
reduce, cut, lower 
Antonyms –
raise, put up, create
Example –
In the winter sale,the company has slashed prices by up to 50%.

Idioms/Phrases in the article  –

8)Roll something out (phrase) (आधिकारिक तौर पर एक नया उत्पाद, सेवा पहली बार उपलब्ध कराना):  
Meaning – 
officially launch or introduce a new product or service/to make a new product, service, or system available for the first time
Synonyms –  launch, introduce, organize, start, begin
Antonyms –
cease,end,finish,stop
Example – 
The government plans to roll out a series of tax cuts over the next few years.

9)Pitch Perfect ( phrase)  (बिल्कुल सही):  
Meaning –
 Reaching or conveying the exactly right note or tone

Synonyms – ideal,model,precise,exact, appropriate ,flawless
Antonyms – 
imperfect, faulty, defective
Example – 
Her presentation was pitch perfect so she got the first rank.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Generous
  • Imperative
  • Reverse
  • Concession
  • Crucial

Word of the Day

  • Leverage  (Verb)  –  लाभ उठाना
  • Meaning –  to use something that you already have in order to achieve something new or better
  • Synonyms –  advantage, influence, clout, exploit, gain
  • Antonyms – weak, helpless
  • Example (English) –Nepal PM wants to deepen ties with China to get more leverage in dealings with India.
  • Example (Hindi) – नेपाल के प्रधान मंत्री चीन के साथ संबंधों को गहरा करना चाहते हैं ताकि भारत के साथ सौदे में अधिक लाभ उठाया जा सके।

All the best for your exams

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