Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 21st February 2018

Today’s article ‘Shaky foundations: PNB heist shows up weakness in the banking sector beyond the handiwork of a few fraudsters‘ has been picked from ‘The Times of India’

This article talks about the faults in our banking system and steps that need to be taken by the central government and policymaker to avoid any such instance of big fraud which occurred in Punjab National Bank.

Shaky foundations: PNB heist shows up weakness in the banking sector beyond the handiwork of a few fraudsters

1)Heist ( noun)  (चोरी):   Hi-ist
Meaning –
a robbery or burglary
Synonyms – grab, theft, pinch, rip-off, snatching, swiping
Antonyms –
 bestow, contribute, donate, give, hand over, present
Example – 
Every 6 o’clock news covered the story about the bank heist in the nearby town.

2)Crescendo ( noun)  (सर्वोच्च वृद्धि):   cres-endo
Meaning – 
 
the topmost increase in size or intensity
Synonyms –    extreme, extremity, tip,apex, climax
Antonyms –
 bottom, nadir, base
Example –
The audience’s applause hit an ear-piercing crescendo when the talk show host came through the curtains.

3)Wanting ( adjective)  (अभावग्रस्त,न्यून):   want-ing
Meaning – 
 
lacking in a required or necessary quality.
Synonyms –  deficient, inadequate, lacking, insufficient, imperfect
Antonyms –
  sufficient, acceptable,adequate,satisfactory
Example –
If you are wanting in courtesy, no one is going to like you.

4)Shaky( adjective)  (अस्थिर):   shey-ki
Meaning – 
 
not safe or reliable; liable to fail or falter.
Synonyms –   faltering, unsteady, uncertain, tentative, wobbly
Antonyms –
 sound, strong,steady,stable
Example – T
horoughly shaky evidence”

5)Loophole ( noun)  (कानून में अस्पष्टता या अपर्याप्तता):   loop-hohl
Meaning – 
 
a mistake or vagueness in a regulation or law that allow all or part of it to be avoided or changed
Synonyms –   escape,clause,alternative,way out
Example –He pays very little tax because of some loophole in income tax legislation.
.

6)Disown ( verb)  (त्यागना ):   dis-own
Meaning – 
 
to refuse to acknowledge any connection with something
Synonyms –   contradict, disaffirm, disallow, disavow, disclaim, disconfirm, deny
Antonyms –
 acknowledge, admit, allow, avow, concede, confirm, own
Example – 
The wealthy grandfather decided to disown his grandson and take him out of his will after he was found out guilty of a crime.

7)Under-report( verb)  ( होने की रिपोर्ट करना):   under-re-port
Meaning – 
to report to be less than is actually the case/ fail to report (something, especially news or data) fully
Example –
Politicians usually underreport their income.

 

Idioms/Phrases in the article  –

8)Up to scratch( Phrase)  (आवश्यक मानक तक, संतोषजनक)
Meaning – 
 
up to the required standard/As good as what was expected, required, or demanded; satisfactory or adequate
Synonyms –   good enough, up to the mark, up to standard, acceptable
Antonyms –
  below standard, unacceptable
Example –
Although he was a native Englishman, his English was not up to scratch.

9)Crack the whip( Phrase)  (लोगों को कठिन मेहनत करने के लिए दबाव डालना)
Meaning – 
 to put people under pressure to work harder /To push or urge someone (usually one’s subordinate) to work harder, likened to literally cracking a whip to control or urge on an animal/
Synonyms –   
dogmatic,bossy,overbearing
Antonyms –
democratic,humble,meek,docile
Example –  
The boss is nervous that we’ll lose this account, so he’s really started cracking the whip on us.

10)Spill Over( Phrasal Verb)  (अन्य क्षेत्रों में फैलना ):
Meaning – 
(of a bad situation or strong emotion) reach a point at which it can no longer be controlled or contained/To exceed the borders or parameters of something/to overflow
Synonyms – 
 spread out, disperse, fan out
Antonyms –
lessen, shrink
Example – 
The protests have spilled over to other parts of the city.

11)Confine to( Phrase)  (सीमित रखना):
Meaning –  
To restrict something to a particular person or thing; to limit the scope of something
Synonyms – 
 circumscribe, restrain, bound, throttle, specify, enclose, fix, limit
Antonyms – 
unloose, free, release, loose, liberate
Example –  
Please confine your requests to the particular department, so as to not overwhelm the whole office staff.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Apparent
  • Fraudsters
  • Moreover
  • Oversight
  • Efficacy 

Word of the Day

  • Opine  (Verb)  –  सोचना
  • Meaning –  hold and state as one’s opinion
  • Synonyms –  suppose, think, imagine, believe, assume, presume
  • Antonyms –  disbelieve, know
  • Example (English) –Bhuvneshwar Kumar has opined that India’s batting has improved against short bowling attack.
  • Example (Hindi) – भुवनेश्वर कुमार का सोचना है कि शॉर्ट गेंदबाजी के आक्रमण के खिलाफ़ भारत की बल्लेबाजी में सुधार हुआ है।

All the best for your exams

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