Today’s article ‘The 140-year-old-conflict’ has been picked from ‘Down to Earth’
This article sheds light on the Cauvery conflict & water-sharing agreements between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.The article says that the water wars of the increasingly deteriorating Cauvery basin will increase if emotions and ego clashes over the ownership of the river continue to dominate the discussions.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Coup (noun) (तख्तापलट): koo
Meaning – the quick action of taking power or a surprise victory
Synonyms – the seizure of power, overthrow, takeover.
Antonyms – defeat, failure, catastrophe
Example –Since our team is usually eliminated early in the competition, we considered it a major coup when we won the championship.
2)Frailty (noun) (दोष , कमजोरी ): frail-tee
Meaning – the condition of being weak and delicate.
Synonyms –infirmness, weakness, vulnerability.
Antonyms – Permanence, skill, resilience
Example -In spite of the elderly man’s increasing frailty, he still felt he was capable of living alone.
3)Prolonged (adjective)(लंबा): pro-long-d
Meaning –lengthened in time; extended; drawn out
Synonyms – continuous, ongoing, persistent.
Antonyms – short, brief, cursory
Example – My appointment was prolonged because the doctor had to leave for emergency surgery.
4)Galvanise (adjective) (प्रेरित करना) : gal-vene-ize
Meaning – shock or excite (someone) into taking action, to inspire people to work towards change
Synonyms – stirring, exciting, rousing.
Antonyms – Temper
Example – By holding a rally, the politician hoped to galvanize young people to vote.
5)Disenchantment (noun) (मोहभंग): dis-enchant-ment
Meaning –a feeling of disappointment about someone or something you previously respected or admired.
Synonyms – disappointment, dissatisfaction, discontent ,disillusionment.
Antonyms – trust, idealism , satisfaction
Example –Voters have expressed growing disenchantment with the government.
6)Seasoned (adjective) (अनुभवी): season-ed
Meaning – to be skilled at something based on experience
Synonyms – experienced, long-serving, veteran.
Antonyms – Amateur, inexperienced, new
Example –Only a seasoned teacher could create an environment for learning with the wild and defiant students.
7) Spell (verb) (संकेत): espell
Meaning – be a sign or characteristic of.
Synonyms – lead to, cause, result in, bring about.
Antonyms – irregular, untypical, odd
Example – A spell of fine weather enabled us to get the harvest in safely.
8) Overthrow (verb) (पराभव) : over-throw
Meaning – a removal of a figure or establishment from power
Synonyms – remove, oust, dethrone (from power).
Antonyms – success, victory , establish
Example -In order to overthrow someone in a position of authority, you will need enough power or support to remove them from power.
Idioms/Phrases in the article –
9)Mull over(phrase) (गहराई से विचार करना ) :
Meaning – to think carefully about something for a long time/to ponder or worry about something
Synonyms – absorption,concentration,contemplation
Antonyms – ignore,neglect
Example – I need a few days to mull things over before I decide if I’m taking the job.
9)Cut short (phrase) (संक्षिप्त करना ) :
Meaning – terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end or its full extent
Synonyms – interrupt, shorten, curtail/terminate.
Antonyms – continue, elongate, extend
Example –A lot of people cut short their international calls in order to save money.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.
Word of the Day
- Unfettered(Adjective) – मुक्त, निरंकुश, आज़ाद, बंधनमुक्त
- Meaning – not confined or restricted.
- Synonyms – Unrestrained, unrestricted, unconfined
- Antonyms – restricted, fettered
- Example (English) –We believe that unfettered access to information is of utmost importance to the society as a whole.
- Example (Hindi) – हमारी यह मान्यता है कि जानकारी तक मुक्त पहुंच समग्र समाज के लिए बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है।
All the best for your exams