Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 14th February 2018

Today’s article, ‘Unending pain: On SBI’s Q3 loss‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 This article sheds light on the financial performance of India’s Largest Bank State Bank of India.For the first time in almost 19 years, the SBI reported a quarterly loss of ₹2,416 crore for the three months which ended on December 2017, compared with a net profit of ₹2,610 crore in the year-earlier period. The article suggests that governance reforms and recognition of losses are a must to solve the crisis of bad loans.

Unending pain: On SBI’s Q3 loss

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Fester ( उपेक्षा की वजह से समस्या का बढ़ जाना): Fes-tur
Meaning  –
 (of a problem) become worse or more intense, especially through long-term neglect or indifference.

Synonyms –  rankle, chafe, gnaw, ferment, brew, smouldr
Antonyms –  heal,ease,lessen
Example –
Your anger will fester if you do not share what you really want.

2)Substantial  ( ठोस,सारभूत): subs-tan-scial
Meaning  – 
of considerable importance, size, or worth/ referring to something that is greater or larger than normal/
Synonyms –  considerable, solid, sizeable, major, valuable, worthwhile
Antonyms –  insubstantial, worthless
Example – 
After winning the lottery, the family won a substantial amount of money in which they didn’t know how to spend it all.

3)Sore ( पीड़ादायक): sowr
Meaning  – 
(of a part of one’s body) painful or aching/upset and angry.
Synonyms –  irritating, agonizing, vexed, displeasing
Antonyms –  healthy,fine,happy
Example – 
Several rounds of basketball left the players legs sore and aching.

4)Anticipate ( पूर्वानुमान): anty-si-pate
Meaning  – 
ready for something to occur
Synonyms –  expect, foresee, predict
Antonyms – 
dread,unpredictable
Example – If we follow the timeline, we anticipate we should have the project completed before August 12.

5)Undertake ( दायित्व लेना): under-take
Meaning  – 
to commit oneself to an obligation

Synonyms –   tackle, take on, accept, shoulder, handle, manage,
Antonyms –  neglect, forgo
Example – 
Without anyone to undertake the running of the operations, the sick business owner was forced to close the doors.

6)Tempting( मोहक): tem-pt-ing
Meaning  – 
appealing to or attracting someone, even if wrong or unwise.
Synonyms –  enticing, alluring, attractive, appealing, inviting, captivating
Antonyms –  off-putting, uninviting, unappetizing, undesirable, unattractive
Example –
The company offered the meritorious student a tempting financial offer in his second year of college.

7)Mammoth ( विशाल): mai-math
Meaning  – 
huge,
very large
Synonyms –  enormous, gigantic, giant, colossal, massive, vast
Antonyms –  tiny, small, minute
Example – 
Jeff works for a mammoth-sized corporation that hires lakhs of employees all over the world.

Idiom/Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –

8)Under the Carpet (Idiom) (सबकी जानकारी से छुपाना):
Meaning  –
 To ignore, deny, or conceal from public view or knowledge something that is embarrassing, unappealing, or damaging to one’s reputation. 
Synonyms –
conceal,hide,suppress
Antonyms –
reveal,expose,show,disclose,confess
Example – 
You need to stop sweeping your problems under the carpet. Nothing will get resolved like that!

8)Go by (Phrasal Verb)(के अनुसार चलना):
Meaning  –
 to base an opinion on something/to use something as a basis for a judgment or action/to accept what someone or something says when you are deciding what to do or think
Synonyms –
follow,adopt,observe
Antonyms –
ignore,neglect
Example – 
If they prove that I was wrong, then I’ll go by what they say.

8)Beyond the horizon (Idiom) (अनुमानित की जा सकने की संभावित सीमा से आगे):
Meaning  –
Farther than the possible limit of sight; beyond what one is able to foresee, know, or anticipate
Synonyms –
distant,far-flung,far-off,dreamy
Antonyms –
close,near
Example – 
My mind wandered out beyond the horizon, trying topicture what my life would look like 10 years from now.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Revive
  • Unending
  • Proceeds
  • Unaddressed
  • Incidentally

Word of the Day

  • Decorous(Verb)  – विनम्र,साधारण
  • Meaning –in keeping with good taste and propriety; polite and restrained.
  • Synonyms: modest, decent, seemly, demure, sober
  • Antonyms-: immodest, flamboyant
  • Example (English) –Akshay Kumar is looking decorous and masterful in Padman movie.
  • Example (Hindi) – अक्षय कुमार पैडमन फिल्म में साधारण और कुशल दिख रहे हैं।

 

All the best for your exams

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