Elevates your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist – 12th February 2018

Today’s article, ‘Murky mining: on SC cancelling mining leases in Goa‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’

 This article talks about the order of Supreme court to help restore some balance to the exploitation of iron and manganese ore in Goa.The article says that mining activity in Goa should now begin on a clean slate.

Murky mining: on SC cancelling mining leases in Goa

Challenging Words in the Article – 

1)Murky (adjective) (संदिग्ध ): Mur-key
Meaning  – 
obscure or morally questionable/dark and gloomy
Synonyms – questionable, suspicious, suspect, dubious, dark, mysterious, secret
Antonyms – innocent,clear,blameless,unimpeachable
Example –
The man gave a murky explanation when he was asked about the sad boy with him in the train.

2)Rapacious (adjective)(लालची): rapay-si-us
Meaning  –
 aggressively greedy

Synonyms – greedy, avaricious, acquisitive, covetous, mercenary, materialistic
Antonyms – generous, liberal, lavish, magnanimous
Example – 
Because of its rapacious appetite, the shark is often considered to be more of an eating machine than a living creature.

3)Abeyance (noun) (दुविधा): abey-ance
Meaning  – 
a state of temporary disuse or suspension
Synonyms – suspension, uncertainty, dormancy, latency
Antonyms –  in hand, under way, continuing, continue, resume
Example –
 Trading on the stock market has temporarily been put in abeyance while the trade commission investigates financial misdeeds.

4)Fouled (adjected)(अशुद्ध करना): fol-d
Meaning  –
make dirty or pollute something
Synonyms – 
taint, dirty, stain, blacken
Antonyms –
sanitize, clean
Example –
The factories which fouled the atmosphere must be banned.
5)Contaminate (adjective)(दूषित करना): contam-inate
Meaning  –  
to make something dirty, dangerous or less pure
Synonyms –befoul, defile, foul, poison, pollute,
Antonyms – decontaminate, purify, cleanse, distil, disinfect
Example –
A boil order would be put into effect because an unknown substance had begun to contaminate the local water.

6)Unveil (verb)(खोलना): un-vil
Meaning  – 
to reveal or show something
Synonyms – disclose, divulge, expose, let on (about), spill, tell,bare
Antonyms –  camouflage, disguise
Example –
 During the meeting, the CEO will unveil his plans for the future of the company.

7)Inexplicable (adverb)(बेवजह): in-expli-cable-e
Meaning  –  
incapable of being explained or interpreted/impossible to explain
Synonyms –  unaccountable, unexplainable ,absurd
Antonyms – logical, rational, reasonable, tenable, understandable
Example – 
Because the weather was clear and sunny a few moments ago, the sudden thunderstorm is inexplicable.

8)Pre-empt (verb) (अग्रिम में कार्य करना): pre-empt
Meaning  –  
take action in order to prevent (an anticipated event) happening/acquire or appropriate (something) in advance.
Synonyms – forestall, advance act, occupy, seize, arrogate
Antonyms – delay
Example –
M
any tables in the restaurant were already pre-empted by family parties.

Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –

9)lay down (phrasal verb) –   ( निर्धारित करना) : lay-daun
Meaning  –  
to state officially what someone must do or how they must do it/to put into effect through legislative or authoritative action

Synonyms – constitute, formulate, enact, legislate, prescribe,make, ordain, pass
Antonyms – 
abolish, abrogate, annul, cancel, invalidate, repeal, nullify
Example –
The European Union (EU) has laid down tough standards for water quality in member countries.

Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.

  • Disregard
  • Fragile
  • Apparently
  • Sustain
  • Appraisal

Word of the Day

  • Concoct (Verb)  – गढ़ना,बुरी योजना बनाना,कुचक्र रचना
  • Meaning –create or devise (a bad story or bad plan).
  • Synonyms: devise, fabricate, envision, frame
  • Antonyms-: ignore,neglect,demolish
  • Example (English) –  He concocted a strategy to take control of the company
  • Example (Hindi) – उसने कंपनी पर नियंत्रण पाने के लिए एक योजना गढ़ी |

All the best for your exams

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