Today’s article, ‘In inflation’s shadow: on RBI holding repo rates at 6%‘ has been picked from ‘The Hindu’
This article discusses the decision of country’s central bank Reserve Bank of India to keep the Repo Rate unchanged in its sixth Bi-monetary policy.The article says that in this bi-monetary policy RBI has stressed the need for careful observation of price stability amid uncertainties.
Challenging Words in the Article –
1)Hitherto (adverb)(अब तक): Hether-to
Meaning – until now or until the point in time under discussion.
Synonyms – previously, formerly, earlier, so far, thus far, before
Antonyms – afterwards, later, subsequently hereupon, thereupon
Example – Before John learned to fly an aeroplane, he had hitherto been afraid of heights.
2)Dovish (adverb)(शांतिपूर्ण): do-vis
Meaning – supporting discussion or other peaceful solutions in political relationships rather than the use of force
Synonyms – peaceful, diplomatic, accommodating.
Antonyms –agitated, turbulent, disturbed
Example – Since becoming president in 1993 he has encouraged dovish leaders to move on the path to peace.
3)Incipient (adjective) (उत्पन्न होनेवाला) : in-sip-ent
Meaning – just beginning to appear or develop
Synonyms – initial, developing, growing.
Example – The best way to stop the disease from spreading is by identifying it while it is incipient.
4)Exemplify (verb) (उदाहरण देना) : exem-pli-fie
Meaning – to show or illustrate by example
Synonyms – illustrate, demonstrate, instance.
Antonyms – becloud, blur, cloud, darken, fog
Example – The citizenship trophies are presented to exemplify the best examples of good citizenship among the student body.
5)Stand pat (noun) (अटल होना) : stand-pat
Meaning – stick stubbornly to one’s opinion or decision.
Synonyms – holdout, resist, stay put, rigid, unyielding
Example –Head coach Tom Higgins is standing pat on his team and will go with the same 40 men he used last week.
6)Upshot (noun) – (परिणाम) : up-shot
Meaning -the final or eventual outcome or conclusion of a discussion, action, or series of events.
Synonyms – result, consequence, outcome, out-turn, effect, reaction
Antonyms – cause, origin, initial
Example – The upshot of the meeting was that he was elected chief economic officer of the company.
7)Hover (verb) (मंडराना) : ho-var
Meaning – to remain near a place or individual
Synonyms – drift, flicker, waver, poise, linger
Example – Because I was sick a lot when I was a child, my mother would always hover over me.
8)Loom (adjective) (असन्तुष्ट) : loom-ing
Meaning – (of an event regarded as threatening) seem about to happen/appearing as a visible thread
Synonyms – threaten,menace,impend,emerge
Example –There is a financial crisis looming in China.
9)Vigilance (noun) (जागरूकता) : vigi-lance
Meaning – the state of keeping a careful watch for danger
Synonyms – watchfulness, careful observation, surveillance, attentiveness, attention, alertness
Antonyms – inattentiveness,ignore,neglect
Example – Lack of vigilance caused the Titanic to crash into an iceberg that no one saw coming.
Phrases/Phrasal Verbs in the Article –
10)Keep something/someone in check (phrase) (नियंत्रित करना) :
Meaning –to control someone or something that might cause damage or harm to keep under control; curb/restrain, hold back.
Synonyms – curb,restrain,hold back,check
Antonyms – release,encourage
Example – You know, bats are actually good to have around because they keep the mosquitos in check.
11)In something’s/someone’s shadow (phrase) (कम ध्यान प्राप्त करना) :
Meaning –Given less attention or thought of as less notable, important, or successful compared to someone else.
Example – He’s been struggling to get out from under his father’s shadow during his political career.
12)Head off (phrasal verb) (रोकना) : head-of
Meaning – to prevent something from taking place
Synonyms – avoid, put an end to, stop, divert
Antonyms –allow, permit, promote
Example – The police acted quickly and managed to head off a violent confrontation.
13)Lay out (phrasal verb) (रूपरेखा) : lay-aaut
Meaning –to arrange something according to a detailed plan/to spread something out, or to arrange things so you can see them easily
Synonyms – outline, draw up, formulate.
Antonyms – disorganize
Example – They had already laid out a substantial sum for the wedding.
Now that you have read the words and the editorial, it is time to test your English writing ability. Make sentences with the words given below and write in Comments Section which will be reviewed by us.
Word of the Day
- Rout (Verb) – पराजित करना
- Meaning – to defeat an opponent completely
- Synonyms: defeat, overthrow, conquer, beat, crush
- Antonyms-: win, victory, triumph, success
- Example (English) – India routed South Africa by 124 runs in 3rd ODI.
- Example (Hindi) – तीसरे वनडे में भारत ने दक्षिण अफ्रीका को 124 रनों से पराजित किया।
All the best for your exams